Endemic birds of Peru

Peru is located in the Center-west of South America. The country has diverse climates largely influenced by the cold Humboldt current, the Andes Mountain chain, and the area of high pressure in the South Pacific. The variety of climate types range from the extremely dry western lowlands to a variety of climates across the Andean mountain chain at
various elevation, to extremely  wet eastern Andean foothills and rainforest lowlands. This geographic and climate diversity has resulted in Peru being designated as one of the 10 most diverse, or mega-diverse countries on the planet. There is a total of 104 species of birds endemics to Peru or species of birds found only within the country’s political boundaries. Photo: Black Metaltail.

 

List of the Endemic Birds of Peru

White-winged Guan Pava de Ala Blanca Penelope albipennis
Sira Curassow Paujil del Sira Pauxi koepckeae
Junín Grebe Zambullidor de Junín Podiceps taczanowskii
Koepcke’s Screech-Owl Lechuza de Koepcke Megascops koepckeae
Long-whiskered Owlet Lechucita Bigotona Xenoglaux loweryi
Koepcke’s Hermit Ermitaño de Koepcke Phaethornis koepckeae
Peruvian Piedtail Cola-pintada Peruano Phlogophilus harterti
Bronze-tailed Comet Cometa de Cola Bronceada Polyonymus caroli
Gray-bellied Comet Cometa de Vientre Gris Taphrolesbia griseiventris
Black-breasted Hillstar Estrella de Pecho Negro Oreotrochilus melanogaster
Bearded Mountaineer Montañes Barbudo Oreonympha nobilis
Coppery Metaltail Colibrí Cobrizo Metallura theresiae
Fire-throated Metaltail Colibrí Barba de Fuego Metallura eupogon
Black Metaltail Colibrí Negro Metallura phoebe
Marvelous Spatuletail Colibrí Cola de Espátula Loddigesia mirabilis
White-tufted Sunbeam Rayo-de-Sol Acanelado Aglaeactis castelnaudii
Purple-backed Sunbeam Rayo-de-Sol de Dorso Púrpura Aglaeactis aliciae
Spot-throated Hummingbird Colibrí de Taczanowski Leucippus taczanowskii
Green-and-white Hummingbird Colibrí Verde y Blanco Amazilia viridicauda
Scarlet-banded Barbet Barbudo de Franja Escarlata Capito wallacei
Yellow-browed Toucanet Tucancillo de Ceja Amarilla Aulacorhynchus huallagae
Speckle-chested Piculet Carpinterito de Pecho Jaspeado Picumnus steindachneri
Black-necked Woodpecker Carpintero de Cuello Negro Colaptes atricollis
Yellow-faced Parrotlet Periquito de Cara Amarilla Forpus xanthops
Creamy-bellied Antwren Hormiguerito de Vientre Cremoso Herpsilochmus motacilloides
Ash-throated Antwren Hormiguerito de Garganta Ceniza Herpsilochmus parkeri
Allpahuayo Antbird Hormiguero de Allpahuayo Percnostola arenarum
White-masked Antbird Hormiguero de Mascara Blanca Pithys castaneus
Pale-billed Antpitta Tororoi de Pico Pálido Grallaria carrikeri
Rusty-tinged Antpitta Tororoi Rojizo Grallaria przewalskii
Bay Antpitta Tororoi Bayo Grallaria capitalis
Red-and-white Antpitta Tororoi Rojo y Blanco Grallaria erythroleuca
Chestnut Antpitta Tororoi Castaño Grallaria blakei
Ochre-fronted Antpitta Tororoi de Frente Ocrácea Grallaricula ochraceifrons
Unicolored Tapaculo Tapaculo Unicolor Scytalopus unicolor
Large-footed Tapaculo Tapaculo de Pata Grande Scytalopus macropus
Rufous-vented Tapaculo Tapaculo de Subcaudales Rufas Scytalopus femoralis
Neblina Tapaculo Tapaculo de Neblina Scytalopus altirostris
Ancash Tapaculo Tapaculo de Ancash Scytalopus affinis
Tschudi’s Tapaculo Tapaculo de Tschudi Scytalopus acutirostris
Vilcabamba Tapaculo Tapaculo de Vilcabamba Scytalopus urubambae
Junin Tapaculo Tapaculo de Junín Scytalopus gettyae
Coastal Miner Minero Peruano Geositta peruviana
Thick-billed Miner Minero de Pico Grueso Geositta crassirostris
Dark-winged Miner Minero Andino Geositta saxicolina
Striated Earthcreeper Bandurrita Peruana Geocerthia serrana
White-bellied Cinclodes Churrete de Vientre Blanco Cinclodes palliatus
Surf Cinclodes Churrete Marisquero Cinclodes taczanowskii
Rusty-crowned Tit-Spinetail Tijeral de Corona Castaña Leptasthenura pileata
White-browed Tit-Spinetail Tijeral de Ceja Blanca Leptasthenura xenothorax
Chestnut-backed Thornbird Espinero de Dorso Castaño Phacellodomus dorsalis
Junín Canastero Canastero de Junín Asthenes virgata
Vilcabamba Thistletail Cola-Cardo de Vilcabamba Asthenes vilcabambae
Rusty-fronted Canastero Canastero de Frente Rojiza Asthenes ottonis
Eye-ringed Thistletail Cola-Cardo de Ojo Anillado Asthenes palpebralis
Russet-mantled Softtail Cola-Suave de Manto Rojizo Thripophaga berlepschi
Marcapata Spinetail Cola-Espina de Marcapata Cranioleuca marcapatae
Creamy-crested Spinetail Cola-Espina de Cresta Cremosa Cranioleuca albicapilla
Cactus Canastero Canastero de los Cactus Pseudasthenes cactorum
Great Spinetail Cola-Espina Grande Synallaxis hypochondriaca
Russet-bellied Spinetail Cola-Espina de Vientre Rojizo Synallaxis zimmeri
Apurimac Spinetail Cola-Espina de Apurímac Synallaxis courseni
Unstreaked Tit-Tyrant Torito Llano Uromyias agraphia
Mishana Tyrannulet Moscareta de Mishana Zimmerius villarejoi
Peruvian Tyrannulet Moscareta Peruana Zimmerius viridiflavus
Inca Flycatcher Mosquerito Inca Leptopogon taczanowskii
Johnson’s Tody-Flycatcher Espatulilla de Johnson Poecilotricus luluae
Black-backed Tody-Flycatcher Espatulilla de Dorso Negro Poecilotriccus pulchellus
Tumbes Tyrant Pitajo de Tumbes Tumbezia salvini
Piura Chat-Tyrant Pitajo de Piura Ochthoeca piurae
Rufous Flycatcher Copetón Rufo Myiarchus semirufus
Masked Fruiteater Frutero Enmascarado Pipreola pulchra
White-cheeked Cotinga Cotinga de Mejilla Blanca Zaratornis stresemanni
Peruvian Plantcutter Cortarrama Peruano Phytotoma raimondii
Bay-vented Cotinga Cotinga de Subcaudales Bayas Doliornis sclateri
Cerulean-capped Manakin Saltarín de Gorro Cerúleo Lepidothrix coeruleocapilla
Inca Wren Cucarachero Inca Pheugopedius eisenmanni
Peruvian Wren Cucarachero Peruano Cinnycerthia peruana
Iquitos Gnatcatcher Perlita de Iquitos Polioptila clementsi
Parodi’s Hemispingus Hemispingo de Parodi Hemispingus parodii
Rufous-browed Hemispingus Hemispingo de Ceja Rufa Hemispingus rufosuperciliaris
Brown-flanked Tanager Tangara de Flanco Pardo Thlypopsis pectoralis
Pardusco Pardusco Nephelornis oneilli
Black-bellied Tanager Tangara de Vientre Negro Ramphocelus melanogaster
Golden-backed Mountain-Tanager Tangara-de-Montaña de Dorso Dorado Cnemathraupis aureodorsalis
Yellow-scarfed Tanager Tangara de Bufanda Amarilla Iridosornis reinhardti
Sira Tanager Tangara del Sira Tangara phillipsi
Cinereous Finch Fringilo Cinéreo Piezorina cinerea
Great Inca-Finch Fringilo-Inca Grande Incaspiza pulchra
Rufous-backed Inca-Finch Fringilo-Inca de Dorso Rufo Incaspiza personata
Gray-winged Inca-Finch Fringilo-Inca de Ala Gris Incaspiza ortizi
Buff-bridled Inca-Finch Fringilo-Inca de Frenillo Anteado Incaspiza laeta
Little Inca-Finch Fringilo-Inca Chico Incaspiza watkinsi
Plain-tailed Warbling-Finch Monterita de Cola Simple Poospiza alticola
Rufous-breasted Warbling-Finch Monterita de Pecho Rufo Poospiza rubecula
Chestnut-breasted Mountain-Finch Monterita de Pecho Castaño Poospiza caesar
Raimondi’s Yellow-Finch Chirigüe de Raimondi Sicalis raimondii
Rufous-eared Brush-Finch Matorralero de Oreja Rufa Atlapetes rufigenis
Apurimac Brush-Finch Matorralero de Apurímac Atlapetes forbesi
Black-spectacled Brush-Finch Matorralero de Anteojos Negros Atlapetes melanopsis
Rusty-bellied Brush-Finch Matorralero de Vientre Rojizo Atlapetes nationi
Cuzco Brush-Finch Matorralero de Cusco Atlapetes canigenis
Vilcabamba Brush-Finch Matorralero de Vilcabamba Atlapetes terborghi
Selva Cacique Cacique de Koepcke Cacicus koepckeae

References:

  • Plenge, M. A. Version February 2014. List of the Birds of Peru. Lima, Peru.