Family Ardeidae

family ardeidae least_bittern
Species within the Family Ardeidae differ in size. The herons are medium to large-sized birds with long legs and necks. The smallest species are known as bitterns. Herons and bitterns can kink their necks in an S-shape, due to the modified shape of the sixth vertebrae. The neck can retract and extend and is retracted during flight. The neck is longer in the day herons than the night herons and bitterns. The legs are long and strong with feet having three long thin toes pointing forward and one going backward. The bill  is generally long and harpoon-like. It can vary from extremely fine, as in the agami heron, to flat and wide as in boat-billed heron. The wings are broad and long. All species are largely water-associated and feed on various aquatic live prey. Many species opportunistically take larger prey, including birds and bird eggs, rodents, and, more rarely, carrion. There are 12 genera and 20 species of herons and bitterns known to occur in Peru. Photo (left): Cocoi heron. Photo (right): Least Bittern by ©Victor Bustinza.
Herons, Bitterns Garzas, Mirasoles
Rufescent Tiger-Heron Garza-Tigre Colorada Tigrisoma lineatum
Fasciated Tiger-Heron Garza-Tigre Oscura Tigrisoma fasciatum
Bare-throated Tiger-Heron Garza-Tigre Mexicana Tigrisoma mexicanum
Agami Heron Garza de Pecho Castaño Agamia agami
Whistling Heron Garza Silbadora Syrigma sibilatrix
Boat-billed Heron Garza Cucharón Cochlearius cochlearius
Zigzag Heron Garza Zebra Zebrilus undulatus
Pinnated Bittern Mirasol Grande Botaurus pinnatus (H)
Least Bittern Mirasol Leonado Ixobrychus exilis
Stripe-backed Bittern Mirasol Listado Ixobrychus involucris (H)
Black-crowned Night-Heron Huaco Común Nycticorax nycticorax
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Huaco de Corona Amarilla Nyctanassa violacea
Striated Heron Garcita Estriada Butorides striata
Cattle Egret Garcita Bueyera Bubulcus ibis
Cocoi Heron Garza Cuca Ardea cocoi
Great Egret Garza Grande Ardea alba
Capped Heron Garza Pileada Pilherodius pileatus
Tricolored Heron Garcita Tricolor Egretta tricolor
Reddish Egret Garcita Rojiza Egretta rufescens (V)
Snowy Egret Garcita Blanca Egretta thula
Little Blue Heron Garcita Azul Egretta caerulea
peru aves - birdsPELECANIDAE: Pelicans – Pelicanos THRESKIORNITHIDAE: Ibises & Spoonbills – Ibis & Pico Espatula peru aves