Short-tailed Nighthawk (Lurocalis semitorquatus)

Order: Apodiformes Family: Caprimulgidae IUCN Status: Least Concern

Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Amazonia, Brazil

Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Amazonia, Brazil

Age: Unknown | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Amazonia, Brazil

Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Amazonia, Colombia

Identification & Behavior: ~21 cm (8.2 in). The Short-tailed Nighthawk has vermiculated gray and brown upperparts. It has a pale crescent on the throat. The underparts and underwing lining are rufous barred with dusky. The wings are dark, broad and long without a wing band. The tail is short and square. It flies at dusk through the crowns of the forest canopy. During the day, it rests on large horizontal limbs. The short tail, broad wings, and shallow wing beats make the Short-tailed Nighthawk look like a large bat.  It is very similar to the Rufous-bellied Nighthawk but is restricted to the Amazonian lowlands. These nighthawks have no known overlap.

Status: The Short-tailed Nighthawk is uncommon to rare but widespread in the Amazonian lowlands. It also occurs in Co, Ec, Br, and Bo.

Name in Spanish: Chotacabras de Cola Corta.

Sub-species: Short-tailed Nighthawk (Lurocalis semitorquatus semitorquatus), J. F. Gmelin, 1789.  Colombia, extreme NW Brazil and NE Peru.
(Lurocalis semitorquatus nattererii),  Temminck, 1822. E Ecuador, N & E Peru and Brazil S of R Amazon S to N & E Bolivia.

Meaning of Name: Lurocalis: Gr. Oura= tail and kolos= stunted, short and truncated tail.
semitorquatus: L. semi= half, torquatus= collared.

See more of the Family Caprimulgidae   peru aves

Distribution Map


    • Species range based on: Schulenberg, T. S., D. F. Stotz, and L. Rico. 2006. Distribution maps of the birds of Peru, version 1.0. Environment, Culture & Conservation (ECCo). The Field Museum. on 08/01/2015.