Merlin (Falco columbarius)

Order: Falconiformes  | Family: Falconidae | IUCN Status: Least Concern

Age: Adult | Sex: Female | Loc. North America

Age: Adult | Sex: Male | Loc. North America

Age: Adult | Sex: Male | Loc. North America

Age: Juvenile | Sex: Unknown | Loc. North America

Identification & Behavior: ~27 cm (10.6 in). The male Merlin has a dusky head and grayish blue rest of the upperparts. The underparts are light brown with brown streaks. The female has a dusky brown back and brownish head with the underparts similar to that of the male.  Both sexes have a pale supercilium and a dusky mustache. The tail has pale and gray bars. It is a miniature version of a juvenile Peregrine Falcon. Also, see American Kestrel.

Status: The Merlin is a rare Boreal Migrant reported in Peru during the months of October through March. It appears to be largely restricted to northwestern Peru, but there are a few records further south. It also occurs in Co, Ec, and Br.

Name in Spanish: Halcón Esmerejón.

Sub-species: Merlin (Falco columbarius columbarius), Linnaeus 1758.

Meaning of Name: Falco: Gr. phalkön= falcon. columbarius: L. columbarius, columba = concerning the Columbidae, pigeons.

See more of the Family Falconidae   peru aves

Distribution Map


    • Species range based on: Schulenberg, T. S., D. F. Stotz, and L. Rico. 2006. Distribution maps of the birds of Peru, version 1.0. Environment, Culture & Conservation (ECCo). The Field Museum. on 08/01/2015.