Ocellated Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus ocellatus)

Order: Passeriformes | Family: Furnariidae | IUCN Status: Least Concern

Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Santa Cruz, Loreto

Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Zamora Chinchipe|Plataforma, Peru

Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Loreto Pe|Orellana, Ec

Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Mamiraua, Brazil

Identification & Behavior: ~20.5 cm (8 in). The Ocellated Woodcreeper has a heavily streaked head, mantle, and underparts. It has buffy spots, which are fringed with black creating an ornate pattern of streaks. The throat is brownish.  The bill is dusky gray. It forages in the understory and midstory of mostly terra firme forest, but also in tall varzea forests. It also occurs along a narrow elevational range on the east slope of the Andes. There are several forms involved showing vocal and morphological variation, which are not well understood. A taxonomic review is needed. It is similar to the Elegant Woodcreeper. Also, see the larger and paler-billed Buff-throated Woodcreeper.

Status: The Ocellated Woodcreeper is uncommon and distributed in an intricate distributional pattern. It occurs in the Amazonian lowlands in seemingly disjunct populations in northern and southern Peru. It also occurs on the east slope of the Andes at elevations ranging between 800-1700 m. The Ocellated Woodcreeper also occurs in Co, Ec, Br, and Bo.

Name in Spanish: Trepador Ocelado.

Sub-species: Ocellated Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus ocellatus napensis), Chapman, 1924.
(Xiphorhynchus ocellatus ocellatus), (Spix), 1824.  patchily distributed in S Amazonian Brazil, S of Amazon, from R Purús E to both banks of lower R Tocantins.
(Xiphorhynchus ocellatus perplexus), J. T. Zimmer, 1934.  W Amazonia, S of Amazon, in NE Peru (E from lower R Ucayali, possibly from R Huallaga) and W Brazil (E at least to R Tefé, probably to R Purús, and S to Acre).
(Xiphorhynchus ocellatus chunchotambo), (Tschudi), 1844.
(Xiphorhynchus ocellatus brevirostris), J. T. Zimmer, 1934.

Meaning of Name: Xiphorhynchus: Gr. xiphos= sword and rhunkhos= bill. ocellatus: L. oculus= eye. Ocellatus= ocellated, marked with eyelets.

See more of the Family Furnariidae  peru aves

Distribution Mapocellated woodcreeper



    • Species range based on: Schulenberg, T. S., D. F. Stotz, and L. Rico. 2006. Distribution maps of the birds of Peru, version 1.0. Environment, Culture & Conservation (ECCo). The Field Museum.  http://fm2.fieldmuseum.org/uw_test/birdsofperu on 03/01/2017.