Plain Xenops (Xenops minutus)

Order: Passeriformes | Family: Furnariidae | IUCN Status: Least Concern

Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Amazonian Colombia

Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Amazonian Brazil | Am. Ecuador

Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Cerro Blanco \ Pichincha, Ecuador

Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Amazonian, Brazil

Identification & Behavior: ~12 cm (4.7 in). The Plain Xenops has unmarked olive-brown mantle, head, and most of the underparts. The throat is streaked with buff. It has a buffy supercilium and white malar stripe. The bill is relatively short and stubby with a slightly upturned mandible. The wing is blackish with a middle rufous band, which is readily seen when the bird flies. The tail is rufous with black feathers towards the outer edges. It creeps on multiple directions on trunks and limbs in search of prey items in the under and midstory of firme and varzea forests, often in the company of mixed species flocks. forest edges. It is similar to the Streaked Xenops but is distinguished by having an unmarked back and most of the underparts and by foraging in the under and midstory. Also, see the Wedge-billed Woodcreeper.

Status: The Plain Xenops is fairly common and widespread in Amazonia where it is known to range up to 1400 m along the east slope of the Andes. It also occurs in Co, Ec, Br, and Bo.

Name in Spanish: Pico-Lezna Simple.

Sub-species: Plain Xenops (Xenops minutus littoralis), P. L. Sclater 1862.  E Panama (Darién) and N Colombia (E to Cauca and Magdalena valleys) S to W Ecuador and extreme NW Peru (Tumbes).
(Xenops minutus obsoletus), J. T. Zimmer, 1924.   E Colombia (E from Meta and Caquetá), SW Venezuela (SW Amazonas) and NW Brazil (NW Amazonas).

Meaning of Name: Xenops: Gr. xenos= stranger and ops, opos= face, countenance. minutus: L. minutus, minuere= little, to make smaller.

See more of the Family Furnariidae  peru aves

Distribution Mapplain xenops



    • Species range based on: Schulenberg, T. S., D. F. Stotz, and L. Rico. 2006. Distribution maps of the birds of Peru, version 1.0. Environment, Culture & Conservation (ECCo). The Field Museum. on 03/01/2017.