Family Hirundinidae

Family Hirundinidae
Swallows and Martins make up the family Hirundinidae. They have short bills, but strong jaws and a wide gapes. The wings are long, pointed, and have nine primary feathers. The tail has 12 feathers and may be deeply forked, somewhat indented, or square-ended. In barn swallows the tail of the male is longer than those of the female. Swallows and martins are adapted to hunting insects on the wing by developing a slender, streamlined body and long pointed wings, which allow great maneuverability and endurance.
Their body shape allows for very efficient flight. The legs are short, and their feet are adapted for perching rather than walking. Swallows are capable of walking and even running, but they do so with a shuffling, waddling gait. The most common plumage is glossy dark blue or green above with underparts often white or rufous. The chicks hatch naked and with closed eyes. Fledged juveniles usually appear as duller versions of the adult. There are nine genera and 21 species of the family Hirundinidae known to occur in Peru. Photo: Blue and White Swallow ©Paul Gale.
Swallows, Martins Golondrinas
Blue-and-white Swallow Golondrina Azul y Blanca Pygochelidon cyanoleuca
Tawny-headed Swallow Golondrina de Cabeza Leonada Alopochelidon fucata (V)
Brown-bellied Swallow Golondrina de Vientre Pardo Orochelidon murina
Pale-footed Swallow Golondrina de Pata Pálida Orochelidon flavipes
Andean Swallow Golondrina Andina Orochelidon andecola
White-banded Swallow Golondrina de Faja Blanca Atticora fasciata
White-thighed Swallow Golondrina de Muslo Blanco Atticora tibialis
Southern Rough-winged Swallow Golondrina Ala-Rasposa Sureña Stelgidopteryx ruficollis
Brown-chested Martin Martín de Pecho Pardo Progne tapera
Purple Martin Martín Purpúreo Progne subis (NB)
Gray-breasted Martin Martín de Pecho Gris Progne chalybea
Southern Martin Martín Sureño Progne elegans (NB)
Peruvian Martin Martín Peruano Progne murphyi
Tumbes Swallow Golondrina de Tumbes Tachycineta stolzmanni
White-winged Swallow Golondrina de Ala Blanca Tachycineta albiventer
White-rumped Swallow Golondrina de Lomo Blanco Tachycineta leucorrhoa (NB)
Chilean Swallow Golondrina Chilena Tachycineta meyeni (H)
Bank Swallow Golondrina Ribereña Riparia riparia (NB)
Barn Swallow Golondrina Tijereta Hirundo rustica (NB)
Cliff Swallow Golondrina Risquera Petrochelidon pyrrhonota (NB)
Chestnut-collared Swallow Golondrina de Collar Castaño Petrochelidon rufocollaris
peru aves - birdsCORVIDAE: Jays – Urracas  TROGLODYTIDAE: Wrens – Cucaracherosperu aves