Common Tern (Sterna hirundo)

Order: Charadriiformes | Family: Laridae | IUCN Status: Least Concern

Age: Adult, basic | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Lima, Peru

Age: Adult, basic | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Lima, Peru

Age: Juvenile | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Lima, Peru

Age: Adult, alternate | Sex: Unknown | Loc. North America

Identification & Behavior: ~35.5 in (14 in). The Common Tern in basic plumage has a black bill and black feet. The forehead is white with blackish rest of the cap. It shows a distinctive black carpal bar. In alternate plumage, it shows a solid black cap, red bill with black tip, and red feet. In basic plumage, it is similar to the Black Tern but is distinguished by the black carpal bar.

Status: The Common Tern is a fairly common Boreal migrant along the coast of Peru during the months of August through May. It also occurs in Co, Ec, Br, Bo, and Ch.

Name in Spanish: Gaviotín Común.

Sub-species: Common Tern (Sterna hirundo hirundo), Linnaeus, 1758.

Meaning of Name: Sterna: En. Stearn or starn= specific English name for a tern. hirundo: L. hirundo= a swallow.

See more of the Family Laridae   peru aves

Distribution Map
common ternVoice


    • Species range based on: Schulenberg, T. S., D. F. Stotz, and L. Rico. 2006. Distribution maps of the birds of Peru, version 1.0. Environment, Culture & Conservation (ECCo). The Field Museum. on 01/01/2015.