Family Picidae

Family Picidae -guayaquil woodpecker Family Picidae - speckle-chested piculet
Members of the family Picidae include woodpeckers and piculets. They have strong chisel-like bills for drilling and drumming on trees and long and sticky tongues for extracting food. Their tail feathers are stiffened (except in piculets), and when the bird perches on vertical surfaces, the tail and feet work together to support it. Some species exhibit sexual dimorphism in size, bill length, weight, and plumage. In the piculets it is often the females that are larger. Among the woodpeckers that show sexual dimorphism it is usually the males that are larger. Woodpeckers are diurnal, roosting at night inside holes. Woodpeckers and piculets possess zygodactyl feet. Zygodactyl feet consist of four toes, the first (hallux) and the fourth facing backward and the second and third facing forward. This foot arrangement is good for grasping the limbs and trunks of trees. Many of the foraging, breeding and signaling behaviors of woodpeckers involve drumming and hammering using the bill. There are nine genera and 39 species of woodpeckers and piculets known to occur in Peru. Photo: (Left) Guayaquil Woodpecker ©Jorge Tiravanti, (right) Speckle-breasted Piculet ©Carlos Calle.
Woodpeckers , Piculets Carpinteros
Bar-breasted Piculet Carpinterito de Pecho Barrado Picumnus aurifrons
Lafresnaye’s Piculet Carpinterito de Lafresnaye Picumnus lafresnayi
Ecuadorian Piculet Carpinterito Ecuatoriano Picumnus sclateri
Speckle-chested Piculet Carpinterito de Pecho Jaspeado Picumnus steindachneri (E)
Ocellated Piculet Carpinterito Ocelado Picumnus dorbignyanus
White-wedged Piculet Carpinterito Escamado Picumnus albosquamatus
Rufous-breasted Piculet Carpinterito de Pecho Rufo Picumnus rufiventris
Plain-breasted Piculet Carpinterito de Pecho Llano Picumnus castelnau
Fine-barred Piculet Carpinterito de Barras Finas Picumnus subtilis
Olivaceous Piculet Carpinterito Oliváceo Picumnus olivaceus
White Woodpecker Carpintero Blanco Melanerpes candidus (H)
Yellow-tufted Woodpecker Carpintero de Penacho Amarillo Melanerpes cruentatus
Black-cheeked Woodpecker Carpintero de Cara Negra Melanerpes pucherani
Smoky-brown Woodpecker Carpintero Pardo Dryobates fumigatus
Red-rumped Woodpecker Carpintero de Lomo Rojo Dryobates kirkii
Little Woodpecker Carpintero Chico Dryobates passerinus
Scarlet-backed Woodpecker Carpintero de Dorso Escarlata Dryobates callonotus
Yellow-vented Woodpecker Carpintero de Vientre Amarillo Dryobates dignus
Bar-bellied Woodpecker Carpintero de Vientre Barrado Dryobates nigriceps
Red-stained Woodpecker Carpintero Teñido de Rojo Dryobates affinis
White-throated Woodpecker Carpintero de Garganta Blanca Piculus leucolaemus
Yellow-throated Woodpecker Carpintero de Garganta Amarilla Piculus flavigula
Golden-green Woodpecker Carpintero Verde y Dorado Piculus chrysochloros
Golden-olive Woodpecker Carpintero Olivo y Dorado Colaptes rubiginosus
Crimson-mantled Woodpecker Carpintero de Manto Carmesí Colaptes rivolii
Black-necked Woodpecker Carpintero de Cuello Negro Colaptes atricollis (E)
Spot-breasted Woodpecker Carpintero de Pecho Punteado Colaptes punctigula
Andean Flicker Carpintero Andino Colaptes rupicola
Scale-breasted Woodpecker Carpintero de Pecho Escamoso Celeus grammicus
Chestnut Woodpecker Carpintero Castaño Celeus elegans
Cream-colored Woodpecker Carpintero Crema Celeus flavus
Rufous-headed Woodpecker Carpintero de Cabeza Rufa Celeus spectabilis
Ringed Woodpecker Carpintero Anillado Celeus torquatus
Lineated Woodpecker Carpintero Lineado Dryocopus lineatus
Powerful Woodpecker Carpintero Poderoso Campephilus pollens
Crimson-bellied Woodpecker Carpintero de Vientre Rojo Campephilus haematogaster
Red-necked Woodpecker Carpintero de Cuello Rojo Campephilus rubricollis
Crimson-crested Woodpecker Carpintero de Cresta Roja Campephilus melanoleucos
Guayaquil Woodpecker Carpintero Guayaquileño Campephilus gayaquilensis
peru aves - birdsRAMPHASTIDAE: Toucans & Araçaries – Tunanes & Tucanetas  FALCONIDAE: Falcons & Caracaras – Halcones & Caracarasperu aves