Family Ramphastidae

Family Ramphastidae - lettered aracari Family Ramphastidae - white-throated toucan
The family Ramphastidae ranges in size from the small aracaris (Pteroglossus spp) to the large toucans (Ramphastos spp). Toucans, aracaris, and toucanets have compact bodies, the neck is short and thick. The wings are small, as they are forest-dwelling birds who only need to travel short distances. The tail is square in the large toucans and graduated in aracaris and toucanets. The legs of the toucan are strong and rather short. Their toes are arranged in pairs with the first and fourth toes turned backward. Toucans and aracaris have large and colorful bills, which in some large species measures more than half the length of the body. Despite its size, the toucan’s bill is very light, being composed of bone struts filled with spongy tissue of keratin between them. The bill has forward-facing serrations resembling teeth. Toucans are arboreal and typically lay 2–4 white eggs in cavities. There are five genera and 18 species of members of the family Ramphastidae known to occur in Peru. Photo: (left) Lettered Arcari, (Right) White-throated Toucan.
Toucans, Toucanets, Araçaries Tucanes, Tucanetas
Toco Toucan Tucán Toco Ramphastos toco (H)
Black-mandibled Toucan Tucán de Mandibula Negra Ramphastos ambiguus
Choco Toucan Tucán del Choco Ramphastos brevis (V)
White-throated Toucan Tucán de Garganta Blanca Ramphastos tucanus
Channel-billed Toucan Tucán de Pico Acanalado Ramphastos vitellinus
Emerald Toucanet Tucancillo Esmeralda Aulacorhynchus prasinus
Chestnut-tipped Toucanet Tucancillo de Puntas Castañas Aulacorhynchus derbianus
Yellow-browed Toucanet Tucancillo de Ceja Amarilla Aulacorhynchus huallagae (E)
Blue-banded Toucanet Tucancillo de Franja Celeste Aulacorhynchus coeruleicinctis
Gray-breasted Mountain-Toucan Tucan-Andino de Pecho Gris Andigena hypoglauca
Hooded Mountain-Toucan Tucan-Andino Encapuchado Andigena cucullata
Black-billed Mountain-Toucan Tucan-Andino de Pico Negro Andigena nigrirostris (H)
Golden-collared Toucanet Tucancillo de Collar Dorado Selenidera reinwardtii
Lettered Araçari Arasari Letreado Pteroglossus inscriptus
Pale-mandibled Araçari Arasari de Pico Pálido Pteroglossus erythropygius
Chestnut-eared Araçari Arasari de Oreja Castaña Pteroglossus castanotis
Many-banded Araçari Arasari Multibandeado Pteroglossus pluricinctus
Ivory-billed Araçari Arasari de Pico Marfil Pteroglossus azara
Curl-crested Araçari Arasari Encrespado Pteroglossus beauharnaesii
peru aves - birdsCAPITONIDAE: Barbets – Barbudos  PICIDAE: Woodpeckers & Piculutes – Carpinterosperu aves