paramo-tapaculo

Páramo Tapaculo (Scytalopus opacus)

Order: Passeriformes | Family: Rhinocryptidae | IUCN Status: Least Concern

paramo-tapaculo
Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Above Salala, Piura, Peru

paramo-tapaculo
Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown  | Loc. Central Andes of Colombia

paramo-tapaculo
Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown  | Loc. Central Andes of Colombia

paramo-tapaculo
Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown  | Loc. Parque Nacional Nevados, Colombia


Identification & Behavior: ~10 cm (4 in). The adult Paramo Tapaculo is mouse gray with a reduced amount of rufous on the flanks and rump.  The female is similar but has more rufous. The juvenile is brown with dusky barring throughout. The tail is short and often kept cocked.  It forages on or near the ground in humid montane forests near the tree line and humid montane scrub interspersed with bunch grass. Due to their secretive habits, extreme similarity among species and the generally low light in the places they inhabit, positive identification of a tapaculo in the field is often impossible. However, their loud and stereotyped songs and calls are given frequently and constitute the safest way to identify them to the species level. It is likely to have limited overlap with the Chusquea Tapaculo but generally ranges at higher elevations.

Status: The Paramo Tapaculo is fairly common in humid montane forests and adjacent humid scrub mixed with bunch grass on the east slope of the Andes, north of the Maranon Valley. It ranges at elevations between 2900-3300 m. It also occurs in Co and Ec.

Name in Spanish: Tapaculo del Páramo.

Sub-species: Páramo Tapaculo (Scytalopus opacus androstictus), Krabbe and Cadena, 2010.

Meaning of Name: Scytalopus: Gr. skutale or skutalon= stick, cudgel and pous, podos= foot. opacus: L. opacus= dark, obscure.

Go to the Family Rhinocryptidae  peru aves
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Distribution Map
paramo tapaculoVoice


References:

    • Species range based on: Schulenberg, T. S., D. F. Stotz, and L. Rico. 2006. Distribution maps of the birds of Peru, version 1.0. Environment, Culture & Conservation (ECCo). The Field Museum.  http://fm2.fieldmuseum.org/uw_test/birdsofperu on 03/01/2017.