Order: Sphenisciformes | Family: Spheniscidae | IUCN Status: Vulnerable
Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Isla Foca, Piura
Age: Adult and Juvenile | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Pucusana, Lima
Age: Adult and Chick | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Paracas, Ica
Age: Molting Adults | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Isla Foca, Piura
Status: The Humboldt Penguin is rare to uncommon. Its populations experience increases and declines in response to El Niño events. Overall, penguin populations have declined compared to historic numbers. It breeds in coastal islands and rocky shores with suitable nesting micro-habitats. It also occurs in Ch.
Name in Spanish: Pingüino de Humboldt.
Sub-species: Humboldt Penguin (Spheniscus humboldti) Meyen, 1834.
Meaning of Name: Spheniscus: Gr. Sphen= Wedge-shaped, refers to the shape of Penguin’s body. humboldti: After Alexander Von Humboldt, a German naturalist and explorer.
See: Penguin Molting
Generally silent at sea.
- Species range based on: Schulenberg, T. S., D. F. Stotz, and L. Rico. 2006. Distribution maps of the birds of Peru, version 1.0. Environment, Culture & Conservation (ECCo), The Field Museum. http://fm2.fieldmuseum.org/uw_test/birdsofperu on 7/09/2014.