Family Trochilidae

Family Trochilidae - peruvian sheartail
The family Trochilidae is entirely restricted to the Americas. Hummingbirds rank among the smallest of all birds and reach their highest species diversity in humid tropical and subtropical forests of the northern Andes and adjacent foothills. Their diet consists of largely nectar obtained from flowers supplemented by insect they catch in the wing. Hummingbird bill shapes vary dramatically as an adaptation for specialized feeding. Many of the hummingbird species have brightly-colored plumages. In many species, the coloring does not come from pigmentation in the feather structure, but instead from prism-like cells within the top layers of the feathers.
When light hits these cells, it is split into wavelengths that reflect to the observer in varying degrees of intensity. The wings of hummingbirds are uniquely capable of rotating through an angle of 180 degrees allowing them great maneuverability, from stationary hovering to backward flight. Some species form leks other perform sophisticated display flights. But as far as it is known, after copulation, male and females part ways and the female builds a nest, lay eggs and raise the young on her own. There are 26 genera and 123 species of hummingbirds known to Peru. Photo: Peruvian Sheartail © Victor Bustinza.
Hummingbirds Colibris, Picaflores o K’entes
Fiery Topaz Topacio de Fuego Topaza pyra
White-necked Jacobin Colibrí de Nuca Blanca Florisuga mellivora
White-tipped Sicklebill Pico-de-Hoz de Puntas Blancas Eutoxeres aquila
Buff-tailed Sicklebill Pico-de-Hoz de Cola Canela Eutoxeres condamini
Rufous-breasted Hermit Ermitaño de Pecho Canela Glaucis hirsutus
Pale-tailed Barbthroat Ermitaño de Cola Pálida Threnetes leucurus
Black-throated Hermit Ermitaño de Garganta Negra Phaethornis atrimentalis
Gray-chinned Hermit Ermitaño de Barbilla Gris Phaethornis griseogularis
Reddish Hermit Ermitaño Rojizo Phaethornis ruber
White-browed Hermit Ermitaño de Ceja Blanca Phaethornis stuarti
Planalto Hermit Ermitaño del Planalto Phaethornis pretrei
White-bearded Hermit Ermitaño de Barba Blanca Phaethornis hispidus
Green Hermit Ermitaño Verde Phaethornis guy
Tawny-bellied Hermit Ermitaño de Vientre Leonado Phaethornis syrmatophorus
Koepcke’s Hermit Ermitaño de Koepcke Phaethornis koepckeae (E)
Needle-billed Hermit Ermitaño de Pico Aguja Phaethornis philippii
Straight-billed Hermit Ermitaño de Pico Recto Phaethornis bourcieri
Long-billed Hermit Ermitaño de Pico Largo Phaethornis longirostris
Great-billed Hermit Ermitaño de Pico Grande Phaethornis malaris
Green-fronted Lancebill Pico-Lanza de Frente Verde Doryfera ludovicae
Blue-fronted Lancebill Pico-Lanza de Frente Azul Doryfera johannae
Geoffroy’s Daggerbill
Pico-Daga de Geoffroy Schistes geoffroyi
Brown Violetear Oreja-Violeta Parda Colibri delphinae
Lesser Violetear Oreja-Violeta Menor Colibri cyanotus
Sparkling Violetear Oreja-Violeta de Vientre Azul Colibri coruscans
Purple-crowned  Fairy Colibrí-Hada de Corona Púrpura Heliothryx barroti (H)
Black-eared Fairy Colibrí-Hada de Oreja Negra Heliothryx auritus
White-tailed Goldenthroat Garganta-de-Oro de Cola Blanca Polytmus guainumbi
Green-tailed Goldenthroat Garganta-de-Oro de Cola Verde Polytmus theresiae
Ruby-topaz Hummingbird Colibrí Rubí-topacio Chrysolampis mosquitus
Black-throated Mango Mango de Garganta Negra Anthracothorax nigricollis
Green-throated Mango Mango de Garganta Verde Anthracothorax prevostii
Amethyst-throated Sunangel Angel-del-Sol de Garganta Amatista Heliangelus amethysticollis
Little Sunangel Angel-del-Sol Chico Heliangelus micraster
Purple-throated Sunangel Angel-del-Sol de Garganta Púrpura Heliangelus viola
Royal Sunangel Angel-del-Sol Real Heliangelus regalis
Wire-crested Thorntail Cola-Cerda Crestado Discosura popelairii
Black-bellied Thorntail Cola-Cerda de Vientre Negro Discosura langsdorffi
Rufous-crested Coquette Coqueta de Cresta Rufa Lophornis delattrei
Spangled Coquette Coqueta Coronada Lophornis stictolophus
Butterfly Coquette Coqueta Verde Lophornis chalybeus
Ecuadorian Piedtail Cola-pintada Ecuatoriano Phlogophilus hemileucurus
Peruvian Piedtail Cola-pintada Peruano Phlogophilus harterti (E)
Speckled Hummingbird Colibrí Jaspeado Adelomyia melanogenys
Long-tailed Sylph Silfo de Cola Larga Aglaiocercus kingi
Bronze-tailed Comet Cometa de Cola Bronceada Polyonymus caroli (E)
Gray-bellied Comet Cometa de Vientre Gris Taphrolesbia griseiventris (E)
Andean Hillstar Estrella Andina Oreotrochilus estella
Black-breasted Hillstar Estrella de Pecho Negro Oreotrochilus melanogaster (E)
Mountain Avocetbill Colibrí Pico de Avoceta Opisthoprora euryptera
Black-tailed Trainbearer Colibrí de Cola Larga Negra Lesbia victoriae
Green-tailed Trainbearer Colibrí de Cola Larga Verde Lesbia nuna
Purple-backed Thornbill Pico-Espina de Dorso Púrpura Ramphomicron microrhynchum
Rufous-capped Thornbill Pico-Espina de Gorro Rufo Chalcostigma ruficeps
Olivaceous Thornbill Pico-Espina Oliváceo Chascostigma olivaceum
Blue-mantled Thornbill Pico-Espina de Dorso Azul Chalcostigma stanleyi
Rainbow-bearded Thornbill Pico-Espina Arcoiris Chalcostigma herrani
Bearded Mountaineer Montañes Barbudo Oreonympha nobilis (E)
Tyrian Metaltail Colibrí Tirio Metallura tyrianthina
Neblina Metaltail Colibrí de Neblina Metallura odomae
Coppery Metaltail Colibrí Cobrizo Metallura theresiae (E)
Fire-throated Metaltail Colibrí Barba de Fuego Metallura eupogon (E)
Scaled Metaltail Colibrí Escamoso Metallura aeneocauda
Black Metaltail Colibrí Negro Metallura phoebe (E)
Greenish Puffleg Calzadito Verdoso Haplophaedia aureliae
Buff-thighed Puffleg Calzadito de Muslo Anteado Haplophaedia assimilis
Glowing Puffleg Calzadito Reluciente Eriocnemis vestita
Sapphire-vented Puffleg Calzadito de Cola Larga Eriocnemis luciani
Emerald-bellied Puffleg Calzadito de Vientre Esmeralda Eriocnemis aline
Marvelous Spatuletail Colibrí Cola de Espátula Loddigesia mirabilis (E)
Shining Sunbeam Rayo-de-Sol Brillante Aglaeactis cupripennis
White-tufted Sunbeam Rayo-de-Sol Acanelado Aglaeactis castelnaudii (E)
Purple-backed Sunbeam Rayo-de-Sol de Dorso Púrpura Aglaeactis aliciae (E)
Bronzy Inca Inca Bronceado Coeligena coeligena
Collared Inca Inca Acollarado Coeligena torquata
Violet-throated Starfrontlet Inca de Garganta Violeta Coeligena violifer
Rainbow Starfrontlet Inca Arcoiris Coeligena iris
Buff-winged Starfrontlet Inca de Ala Anteada Coeligena lutetiae
Mountain Velvetbreast Colibrí Aterciopelado Lafresnaya lafresnayi
Sword-billed Hummingbird Colibrí Pico-Espada Ensifera ensifera
Great Sapphirewing Ala-Zafiro Grande Pterophanes cyanopterus
Chestnut-breasted Coronet Colibrí de Pecho Castaño Boissonneaua matthewsii
Booted Racket-tail Colibrí Cola de Raqueta Ocreatus underwoodii
Green-backed Hillstar Estrella de Dorso Verde Urochroa leucura
Rufous-vented Whitetip Colibrí de Subcaudales Rufas Urosticte ruficrissa
Pink-throated Brilliant Brillante de Garganta Rosada Heliodoxa gularis
Rufous-webbed Brilliant Brillante de Ala Canela Heliodoxa branickii
Black-throated Brilliant Brillante de Garganta Negra Heliodoxa schreibersii
Gould’s Jewelfront Brillante de Pecho Castaño Heliodoxa aurescens
Fawn-breasted Brilliant Brillante de Pecho Anteado Heliodoxa rubinoides
Violet-fronted Brilliant Brillante de Frente Violeta Heliodoxa leadbeateri
Giant Hummingbird Colibrí Gigante Patagona gigas
Long-billed Starthroat Colibrí de Pico Largo Heliomaster longirostris
Blue-tufted Starthroat Colibrí de Pecho Azul Heliomaster furcifer
Purple-collared Woodstar Estrellita de Collar Púrpura Myrtis fanny
Chilean Woodstar Estrellita Chilena Eulidia yarrellii (H)
Oasis Hummingbird Colibrí de Oasis Rhodopis vesper
Peruvian Sheartail Colibrí de Cora Thaumastura cora
White-bellied Woodstar Estrellita de Vientre Blanco Chaetocercus mulsant
Little Woodstar Estrellita Chica Chaetocercus bombus
Short-tailed Woodstar Estrellita de Cola Corta Myrmia micrura
Amethyst Woodstar Estrellita Amatista Calliphlox amethystina
Blue-tailed Emerald Esmeralda de Cola Azul Chlorostilbon mellisugus
Glittering-bellied Emerald Esmeralda de Vientre Dorado Chlorostilbon lucidus (V)
Blue-chinned Sapphire Zafiro de Barbilla Azul Chlorestes notata
Violet-headed Hummingbird Colibrí de Cabeza Violeta Klais guimeti
Gray-breasted Sabrewing Ala-de-Sable de Pecho Gris Campylopterus largipennis
Napo Sabrewing Ala-de-Sable del Napo Campylopterus villaviscensio
Swallow-tailed Hummingbird Colibrí de Cola Ahorquillada Eupetonema macroura
White-vented Plumeleteer Colibrí de Buffon Chalybura buffonii
Green-crowned Woodnymph Ninfa Coronada Thalurania colombica (H)
Fork-tailed Woodnymph Ninfa de Cola Ahorquillada Thalurania furcata
Many-spotted Hummingbird Colibrí Multipunteado Taphrospilus hypostictus
Tumbes Hummingbird Colibrí de Tumbes Thaumasius baeri
Spot-throated Hummingbird Colibrí de Taczanowski Thaumasius taczanowskii (E)
Olive-spotted Hummingbird Colibrí Blanco y Olivo Talaphorus chlorocercus
White-bellied Hummingbird Colibrí de Vientre Blanco Amazilia chionogaster
Green-and-white Hummingbird Colibrí Verde y Blanco Amazilia viridicauda (E)
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird Colibri de Cola Rufa Amazilia tzacatl
Amazilia Hummingbird Colibrí de Vientre Rufo Amazilis amazilia
Andean Emerald Colibrí Andino Uranomitra franciae
Glittering-throated Emerald Colibrí de Garganta Brillante Chionomesa fimbriata
Sapphire-spangled Emerald Colibrí de Pecho Zafiro Chionomesa lactea
Golden-tailed Sapphire Zafiro de Cola Dorada Chrysuronia oenone
Violet-bellied Hummingbird Colibrí de Vientre Violeta Chlorestes julie
Rufous-throated Sapphire Zafiro de Garganta Rufa Hylocharis sapphirina
White-chinned Sapphire Zafiro de Barbilla Blanca Chlorestes cyanus
peru aves - birdsAPODIDAE: Swifts – Vencejos  TROGONIDAE: Trogons & Quetzals – Trogones & Quetzalesperu aves