Great-billed Hermit (Phaethornis malaris)

Order: Apodiformes  | Family: Trochilidae | IUCN Status: Least Concern

great-billed_hermit
Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Orellana, Ecuador

great-billed_hermit
Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Orellana, Ecuador

great-billed_hermit
Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Orellana, Ecuador

great-billed_hermit
Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. San Martin, Peru


Identification & Behavior: ~16 cm (6.3 in). The Great-billed Hermit has greenish upperparts. The color of the underparts ranges from grayish to grayish-tawny according to the subspecies. All forms have a dark mask through the eye, bordered above and below with whitish-buff stripes. Some forms show central stripe on the throat, others have a whitish throat, and others have a concolor belly and throat. The bill is very long and decurved, with a red or reddish lower mandible. The central feathers of the tapered tail are long and white-tipped. The Great-billed Hermit does overlap with the very similar Long-billed Hermit of the west slope of the Andes.

Status: The Great-billed Hermit is common and widespread in Amazonia where it is known to range up to 1300 m along the foothill of the Andes. It also occurs in Co, Ec, Br, and Bo.

Name in Spanish: Ermitaño de Pico Grande.

Sub-species: Great-billed Hermit (Phaethornis malaris moorei), Lawrence, 1858. E & S Colombia, E Ecuador and NE Peru (N of R Marañón).
(Phaethornis malaris ochraceiventris), Hellmayr 1907. NE Peru (S of R Marañón) and W Brazil (S of Amazon, E to lower R Madeira).
(Phaethornis malaris bolivianus), Gould, 1861. SE Peru to C Bolivia (to W Santa Cruz) and W Brazil S of Amazon (R Madeira E to W bank of R Tapajós).

Meaning of Name: Phaethornis: Gr. Phao= sun sunshine, and Ornis= bird. malaris: L. malaris, mala= cheekbone, cheek.

See more of the Family Trochilidae   peru aves

Distribution Map
great-billed hermitVoice


References:

    • Species range based on: Schulenberg, T. S., D. F. Stotz, and L. Rico. 2006. Distribution maps of the birds of Peru, version 1.0. Environment, Culture & Conservation (ECCo). The Field Museum.  http://fm2.fieldmuseum.org/uw_test/birdsofperu on 08/01/2015.