Pavonine Quetzal (Pharomachrus pavoninus)

Order: Trogoniformes | Family: Trogonidae | IUCN Status: Least Concern

Age: Adult | Sex: Male | Loc. Southeast Peru

Age: Adult | Sex: Male | Loc. Southeast Peru

Age: Adult | Sex: Male | Loc. Mato Grosso, Brasil

Age: Adult | Sex: Female | Loc. Mato Grosso, Brasil

Identification & Behavior: ~33.5 cm (13.2 in). Males Pavonine Quetzal are iridescent green with a bright red belly, red bill, and black underside of the tail. Females have iridescent green back, red and grayish belly, dusky head, and dusky reddish bill. The underside of the tail in females is black with faint white barring. The Pavonine Quetzal is distinguished from the Black-tailed trogon by a bright red bill and iridescent green back including wing coverts in males and females. Female Black-tailed Trogon are gray with a red belly. Pavonine Quetzal is not known to overlap with similar Golden-head a Quetzals.  

Status: The Pavonine Quetzal is generally rare to uncommon in terra firme forest in Amazonia. It is known to range up to 1100 m along the foothill of the Andes. It also occurs in Co, Ec, Br, and Bo.

Name in Spanish: Quetzal Pavonino.

Sub-species: Pavonine Quetzal (Pharomachrus pavoninus) Spix 1824.

Meaning of Name: Pharomachrus: Gr. Pharos= mantle and makros= long. pavoninus: L. pavonina, pavoninus= as the peacock, stamped as the peacock’s tail.

See more of the Family Trogonidae  peru aves

Distribution Map
Pavonine QuetzalVoice


    • Species range based on: Schulenberg, T. S., D. F. Stotz, and L. Rico. 2006. Distribution maps of the birds of Peru, version 1.0. Environment, Culture & Conservation (ECCo). The Field Museum. on 11/09/2014.