Family Turdidae

Family Turdidae
Thrushes and solitaires of the family Turdidae are plump, soft-plumaged, small to medium-sized birds, inhabiting wooded and semi open areas. Most species of thrushes are arboreal and often feed on the ground. Some species such as Chiguanco and Great Thrushes seem to forage on the ground more than away from it. Solitaires are arboreal species. Thrushes are largely insectivorous, but most species also eat worms, land snails, and fruit. Solitaires’ diet seems more based on fruit supplemented with insects. All members of the family Turdidae build cup-shaped nests,
sometimes lining them with mud. They lay two to five speckled eggs, sometimes laying two or more clutches per year. Both parents help in raising the young. The songs of some species, including members of the genera Catharus, Myadestes, and Turdus, are considered to be among the most beautiful in the avian world. The Lawrence’s Thrush is arguably the best mimic of all Neotropical birds. The taxonomic treatment of this large family has varied significantly in recent years. There are five genera and 25 species of Thrushes and Solitaires known to occur in Peru. Photo: Great Thrush ©Gabby Salazar.
Thrushes, Solitaires Zorzales
Andean Solitaire Solitario Andino Myadestes ralloides
Slaty-backed Nightingale-Thrush Zorzal Sombrío Catharus fuscater
Speckled Nightingale-Thrush Zorzal Moteado Catharus maculatus
Veery Zorzal de Dorso Rojizo Catharus fuscescens (V)
Gray-cheeked Thrush Zorzal de Cara Gris Catharus minimus (NB)
Swainson’s Thrush Zorzal de Swainson Catharus ustulatus (NB)
White-eared Solitaire Solitario de Oreja Blanca Entomodestes leucotis
Rufous-brown Solitaire Solitario Rufo-Marrón Cichlopsis leucogenys
Pale-eyed Thrush Zorzal de Ojo Pálido Turdus leucops
Plumbeous-backed Thrush Zorzal de Dorso Plomizo Turdus reevei
Pale-breasted Thrush Zorzal de Pecho Pálido Turdus leucomelas
Hauxwell’s Thrush Zorzal de Hauxwell Turdus hauxwelli
Pale-vented Thrush Zorzal de Vientre Pálido Turdus obsoletus (H)
Ecuadorian Thrush Zorzal Ecuatoriano Turdus maculirostris
Varzea Thrush Zorzal de Várzea Turdus sanchezorum
Lawrence’s Thrush Zorzal de Lawrence Turdus lawrencii
Creamy-bellied Thrush Zorzal de Vientre Cremoso Turdus amaurochalinus (NB)
Black-billed Thrush Zorzal de Pico Negro Turdus ignobilis
Marañón Thrush Zorzal del Marañón Turdus maranonicus
Chestnut-bellied Thrush Zorzal de Vientre Castaño Turdus fulviventris
Andean Slaty Thrush Zorzal Pizarroso Turdus nigriceps
Great Thrush Zorzal Grande Turdus fuscater
Chiguanco Thrush Zorzal Chiguanco Turdus chiguanco
Glossy-black Thrush Zorzal Negro-Brilloso Turdus serranus
White-necked Thrush Zorzal de Cuello Blanco Turdus albicollis
peru aves - birdsCINCLIDAE: Dippers – Mirlo Acuatico MIMIDAE: Mockingbirds – Chiscos o Zoñasperu aves