Family Tyrannidae

Family Tyrannidae - baird's flycatcher Family Tyrannidae - southern beardless tyrannulet
The tyrant flycatchers, family Tyrannidae, is considered the largest and most diverse family of birds in the Americas. Tyrant flycatchers vary greatly in shape and size. Members of the Tyrannidae have radiated into just about every habitat using the most diverse foraging strategies and morphological adaptations. The habitats of tropical lowland and montane evergreen forests have the highest single site species diversity. Plumagewise, they are rather plain, with most species being in hues of brown, gray, white and yellow. Size among the Tyrnannidae varies from the short-tailed pygmy tyrant 6.5-6.8 cm (2.5-2.7 in) to White-tailed Shrike Tyrant 29 cm (11.5 in). Some have developed ornate crests and tail, and perform sophisticated courtship displays. Several genera (i.e. Elaenia, Myiarchus or Empidonax) are quite difficult to tell apart in the field due to similar plumage and some are best distinguished by their voices. Behaviorally they can vary from species such as spadebills which are tiny, shy and live in dense forest interiors to kingbirds, which are relatively large, bold, inquisitive and often inhabit open areas near human habitations. As the name implies, a great majority of tyrant flycatchers are entirely insectivorous (though not necessarily specialized in flies). Tyrant flycatchers are largely opportunistic feeders and often catch any flying or arboreal insect they encounter. However, food can vary greatly and some (like the large great kiskadee) will eat fruit or small vertebrates (e.g. small frogs). Tropical species are sometimes found in mixed-species foraging flocks. There are 80 genera and 243 species of the family Tyrannidae known to occur in Peru. Photo: (left) Baird’s Flycatcher © Jorge Tiravanti. (right) Southern Beardless Tyrannulet ©Victor Bustinza.
Tyrant Flycatchers Tiranidos
Wing-barred Piprites Piprites de Ala Barrada Piprites chloris
Rough-legged Tyrannulet Moscareta de Tarso Rasposo Phyllomyias burmeisteri
Sclater’s Tyrannulet Moscareta de Sclater Phyllomyias sclateri
Yungas Tyrannulet Moscareta de Yungas Phyllomyias weedeni
Sooty-headed Tyrannulet Moscareta de Cabeza Tiznada Phyllomyias griseiceps
Black-capped Tyrannulet Moscareta de Gorro Negro Phyllomyias nigrocapillus
Ashy-headed Tyrannulet Moscareta de Cabeza Ceniza Phyllomyias cinereiceps
Tawny-rumped Tyrannulet Moscareta de Lomo Leonado Phyllomyias uropygialis
Plumbeous-crowned Tyrannulet Moscareta de Corona Plomiza Phyllomyias plumbeiceps
Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet Moscareta de Corona Amarilla Tyrannulus elatus
Forest Elaenia Fío-Fío de la Selva Myiopagis gaimardii
Gray Elaenia Fío-Fío Gris Myiopagis caniceps
Foothill Elaenia Fío-Fío Submontano Myiopagis olallai
Pacific Elaenia Fío-Fío del Pacífico Myiopagis subplacens
Yellow-crowned Elaenia Fío-Fío de Corona Amarilla Myiopagis flavivertex
Greenish Elaenia Fío-Fío Verdoso Myiopagis viridicata
Yellow-bellied Elaenia Fío-Fío de Vientre Amarillo Elaenia flavogaster
Large Elaenia Fío-Fío Grande Elaenia spectabilis (NB)
White-crested Elaenia Fío-Fío de Cresta Blanca Elaenia albiceps
Small-billed Elaenia Fío-Fío de Pico Chico Elaenia parvirostris (NB)
Slaty Elaenia Fío-Fío Pizarroso Elaenia strepera (NB)
Mottle-backed Elaenia Fío-Fío Moteado Elaenia gigas
Brownish Elaenia Fío-Fío Pardusco Elaenia pelzelni
Plain-crested Elaenia Fío-Fío de Cresta Simple Elaenia cristata
Lesser Elaenia Fío-Fío Menor Elaenia chiriquensis
Highland Elaenia Fío-Fío Oscuro Elaenia obscura
Sierran Elaenia Fío-Fío Serrano Elaenia pallatangae
White-lored Tyrannulet Moscareta de Lores Blancos Ornithion inerme
Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet Mosquerito Silbador Camptostoma obsoletum
White-tailed Tyrannulet Tiranillo de Cola Blanca Mecocerculus poecilocercus
Buff-banded Tyrannulet Tiranillo de Franja Anteada Mecocerculus hellmayri
White-banded Tyrannulet Tiranillo de Ala Bandeada Mecocerculus stictopterus
White-throated Tyrannulet Tiranillo de Garganta Blanca Mecocerculus leucophrys
Rufous-winged Tyrannulet Tiranillo de Ala Rufa Mecocerculus calopterus
Sulphur-bellied Tyrannulet Tiranillo de Vientre Azufrado Mecocerculus minor
Black-crested Tit-Tyrant Torito de Cresta Negra Anairetes nigrocristatus
Pied-crested Tit-Tyrant Torito de Cresta Pintada Anairetes reguloides
Ash-breasted Tit-Tyrant Torito de Pecho Cenizo Anairetes alpinus
Yellow-billed Tit-Tyrant Torito de Pico Amarillo Anairetes flavirostris
Tufted Tit-Tyrant Torito Copetón Anairetes parulus
Unstreaked Tit-Tyrant Torito Llano Uromyias agraphia (E)
Torrent Tyrannulet Moscareta de los Torrentes Serpophaga cinerea
River Tyrannulet Moscareta de los Rios Serpophaga hypoleuca
Mouse-colored Tyrannulet Moscareta Murina Phaeomyias murina
Yellow Tyrannulet Moscareta Amarilla Capsiempis flaveola
Subtropical Doradito Doradito Subtropical Pseudocolopteryx acutipennis
Bronze-olive Pygmy-Tyrant Tirano-Pigmeo Bronceado Pseudotriccus pelzelni
Hazel-fronted Pygmy-Tyrant Tirano-Pigmeo de Frente Avellanada Pseudotriccus simplex
Rufous-headed Pygmy-Tyrant Tirano-Pigmeo de Cabeza Rufa Pseudotriccus ruficeps
Ringed Antpipit Coritopis Anillado Corythopis torquatus
Fulvous-headed Pygmy-Tyrant Tirano-Pigmeo de Cabeza Leonada Euscarthmus fulviceps
Rufous-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant Tirano-Pigmeo de Corona Leonada Euscarthmus meloryphus
Gray-and-white Tyrannulet Moscareta Gris y Blanca Pseudelaenia leucospodia
Lesser Wagtail-Tyrant Moscareta-Coleadora Menor Stigmatura napensis
Bolivian Tyrannulet Moscareta Boliviana Zimmerius bolivianus
Red-billed Tyrannulet Moscareta de Pico Rojo Zimmerius cinereicapilla
Mishana Tyrannulet Moscareta de Mishana Zimmerius villarejoi (E)
Slender-footed Tyrannulet Moscareta de Pata Delgada Zimmerius gracilipes
Golden-faced Tyrannulet Moscareta de Cara Dorada Zimmerius chrysops
Peruvian Tyrannulet Moscareta Peruana Zimmerius viridiflavus (E)
Variegated Bristle-Tyrant Moscareta-Cerdosa Variegada Phylloscartes poecilotis
Marble-faced Bristle-Tyrant Moscareta-Cerdosa de Cara Jaspeada Phylloscartes ophthalmicus
Spectacled Bristle-Tyrant Moscareta-Cerdosa de Anteojos Phylloscartes orbitalis
Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet Moscareta de Mejilla Moteada Phylloscartes ventralis
Ecuadorian Tyrannulet Moscareta Ecuatoriana Phylloscartes gualaquizae
Rufous-browed Tyrannulet Moscareta de Ceja Rufa Phylloscartes superciliaris (H)
Cinnamon-faced Tyrannulet Moscareta de Cara Canela Phylloscartes parkeri
Streak-necked Flycatcher Mosquerito de Cuello Listado Mionectes striaticollis
Olive-striped Flycatcher Mosquerito Rayado de Olivo Mionectes olivaceus
Ochre-bellied Flycatcher Mosquerito de Vientre Ocráceo Mionectes oleagineus
McConnell’s Flycatcher Mosquerito de McConnell Mionectes macconnelli
Sepia-capped Flycatcher Mosquerito de Gorro Sepia Leptopogon amaurocephalus
Slaty-capped Flycatcher Mosquerito de Gorro Pizarroso Leptopogon superciliaris
Rufous-breasted Flycatcher Mosquerito de Pecho Rufo Leptopogon rufipectus
Inca Flycatcher Mosquerito Inca Leptopogon taczanowskii (E)
Amazonian Scrub-Flycatcher Moscareta Matorralera Amazónica Sublegatus obscurior
Southern Scrub-Flycatcher Moscareta Matorralera Sureña Sublegatus modestus
Plain Tyrannulet Inezia Simple Inezia inornata (NB)
Ornate Flycatcher Mosquerito Adornado Myiotriccus ornatus
Many-colored Rush Tyrant Siete Colores de la Totora Tachuris rubrigastra
White-bellied Pygmy-Tyrant Tirano-Pigmeo de Vientre Blanco Myiornis albiventris
Short-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant Tirano-Pigmeo de Cola Corta Myiornis ecaudatus
Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant Tirano-Pigmeo de Cresta Escamosa Lophotriccus pileatus
Double-banded Pygmy-Tyrant Tirano-Pigmeo de Doble Banda Lophotriccus vitiosus
Long-crested Pygmy-Tyrant Tirano-Pigmeo de Cresta Larga Lophotriccus eulophotes
Helmeted Pygmy-Tyrant Tirano-Pigmeo de Casquete Lophotriccus galeatus
Snethlage’s Tody-Tyrant Tirano-Todi de Snethlage Hemitriccus minor (H)
Yungas Tody-Tyrant Tirano-Todi de Yungas Hemitriccus spodiops
Flammulated Pygmy-Tyrant Tirano-Pigmeo Flamulado Hemitriccus flammulatus
Acre Tody-Tyrant Tirano-Pigmeo de Acre Hemitriccus cohnhafti
White-eyed Tody-Tyrant Tirano-Todi de Ojo Blanco Hemitriccus zosterops
White-bellied Tody-Tyrant Tirano-Todi de Vientre Blanco Hemitriccus griseipectus
Johannes’s Tody-Tyrant Tirano-Todi de Johannes Hemitriccus iohannis
Stripe-necked Tody-Tyrant Tirano-Todi de Cuello Rayado Hemitriccus striaticollis
Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant Tirano-Todi de Vientre Perlado Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer
Zimmer’s Tody-Tyrant Tirano Todi de Zimmer Hemitriccus minimus
Black-throated Tody-Tyrant Tirano-Todi de Garganta Negra Hemitriccus granadensis
Cinnamon-breasted Tody-Tyrant Tirano-Todi de Pecho Canela Hemitriccus cinnamomeipectus
Buff-throated Tody-Tyrant Tirano-Todi de Garganta Anteada Hemitriccus rufigularis
Rufous-crowned Tody-Flycatcher Espatulilla de Corona Rufa Poecilotriccus ruficeps
Johnson’s Tody-Flycatcher Espatulilla de Johnson Poecilotricus luluae (E)
White-cheeked Tody-Flycatcher Espatulilla de Mejilla Blanca Poecilotriccus albifacies
Black-and-white Tody-Flycatcher Espatulilla Negra y Blanca Poecilotriccus capitalis
Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher Espatulilla de Cara Ocrácea Poecilotriccus plumbeiceps
Rusty-fronted Tody-Flycatcher Espatulilla de Frente Rojiza Poecilotriccus latirostris
Golden-winged Tody-Flycatcher Espatulilla de Ala Dorada Poecilotriccus calopterus
Black-backed Tody-Flycatcher Espatulilla de Dorso Negro Poecilotriccus pulchellus (E)
Spotted Tody-Flycatcher Espatulilla Moteada Todirostrum maculatum
Common Tody-Flycatcher Espatulilla Común Todirostrum cinereum
Yellow-browed Tody-Flycatcher Espatulilla de Ceja Amarilla Todirostrum chrysocrotaphum
Brownish Twistwing Alitorcido Pardusco Cnipodectes subbrunneus
Rufous Twistwing Alitorcido Rufo Cnipodectes superrufus
Olivaceous Flatbill Pico-Plano Oliváceo Rhynchocyclus olivaceus
Fulvous-breasted Flatbill Pico-Plano de Pecho Leonado Rhynchocyclus fulvipectus
Yellow-olive Flycatcher Pico-Ancho Azufrado Tolmomyias sulphurescens
Orange-eyed Flycatcher Pico-Ancho de Ojo Naranja Tolmomyias traylori
Yellow-margined Flycatcher Pico-Ancho de Ala Amarilla Tolmomyias assimilis
Gray-crowned Flycatcher Pico-Ancho de Corona Gris Tolmomyias poliocephalus
Yellow-breasted Flycatcher Pico-Ancho de Pecho Amarillo Tolmomyias flaviventris
Cinnamon-crested Spadebill Pico-Chato de Cresta Canela Platyrinchus saturatus
White-throated Spadebill Pico-Chato de Garganta Blanca Platyrinchus mystaceus
Golden-crowned Spadebill Pico-Chato de Corona Dorada Platyrinchus coronatus
Yellow-throated Spadebill Pico-Chato de Garganta Amarilla Platyrinchus flavigularis
White-crested Spadebill Pico-Chato de Cresta Blanca Platyrinchus platyrhynchos
Royal Flycatcher Mosquero Real Onychorhynchus coronatus
Flavescent Flycatcher Mosquerito Amarillento Myiophobus flavicans
Orange-crested Flycatcher Mosquerito de Cresta Naranja Myiophobus phoenicomitra
Unadorned Flycatcher Mosquerito sin Adornos Myiophobus inornatus
Roraiman Flycatcher Mosquerito de Roraima Myiophobus roraimae
Olive-chested Flycatcher Mosquerito de Pecho Olivo Myiophobus cryptoxanthus
Bran-colored Flycatcher Mosquerito de Pecho Rayado Myiophobus fasciatus
Tawny-breasted Flycatcher Mosquerito de Pecho Leonado Myiobius villosus
Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher Mosquerito de Lomo Azufrado Myiobius barbatus
Black-tailed Flycatcher Mosquerito de Cola Negra Myiobius atricaudus
Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher Mosquerito de Cola Rojiza Terenotriccus erythrurus
Cinnamon Manakin-Tyrant Neopipo Acanelado Neopipo cinnamomea
Cinnamon Flycatcher Mosquerito Canela Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus
Cliff Flycatcher Tirano de Riscos Hirundinea ferruginea
Handsome Flycatcher Mosquerito Hermoso Nephelomyias pulcher
Orange-banded Flycatcher Mosquerito de Franja Naranja Nephelomyias lintoni
Ochraceous-breasted Flycatcher Mosquerito de Pecho Ocráceo Nephelomyias ochraceiventris
Euler’s Flycatcher Mosquerito de Euler Lathrotriccus euleri
Gray-breasted Flycatcher Mosquerito de Pecho Gris Lathrotriccus griseipectus
Fuscous Flycatcher Mosquerito Fusco Cnemotriccus fuscatus
Alder Flycatcher Mosquerito de Alisos Empidonax alnorum (NB)
Olive-sided Flycatcher Pibí Boreal Contopus cooperi (NB)
Smoke-colored Pewee Pibí Ahumado Contopus fumigatus
Western Wood-Pewee Pibí Occidental Contopus sordidulus (NB)
Eastern Wood-Pewee Pibí Oriental Contopus virens (NB)
Tropical Pewee Pibí Tropical Contopus cinereus
Blackish Pewee Pibí Negruzco Contopus nigrescens
Olive Flycatcher Mosquerito-Moñudo Olivo Mitrephanes olivaceus
Black Phoebe Mosquero de Agua Sayornis nigricans
Vermilion Flycatcher Mosquero Bermellón Pyrocephalus rubinus
Andean Negrito Negrito Andino Lessonia oreas
Hudson’s Black-Tyrant Viudita-Negra de Hudson Knipolegus hudsoni (V)
Amazonian Black-Tyrant Viudita-Negra Amazónica Knipolegus poecilocercus
Jelski’s Black-Tyrant Viudita-Negra de Jelski Knipolegus signatus
Plumbeous Black-Tyrant Viudita-Negra Plomiza Knipolegus cabanisi
Rufous-tailed Tyrant Viudita de Cola Rufa Knipolegus poecilurus
Riverside Tyrant Viudita Ribereña Knipolegus orenocensis
White-winged Black-Tyrant Viudita-Negra de Ala Blanca Knipolegus aterrimus
Spectacled Tyrant Viudita Pico de Plata Hymenops perspicillatus (H)
Drab Water Tyrant Tirano de Agua Arenisco Ochthornis littoralis
Yellow-browed Tyrant Tirano de Ceja Amarilla Satrapa icterophrys (NB)
Little Ground-Tyrant Dormilona Enana Muscisaxicola fluviatilis
Spot-billed Ground-Tyrant Dormilona Chica Muscisaxicola maculirostris
Taczanowski’s Ground-Tyrant Dormilona de Taczanowski Muscisaxicola griseus
Puna Ground-Tyrant Dormilona de la Puna Muscisaxicola juninensis
Cinereous Ground-Tyrant Dormilona Cinérea Muscisaxicola cinereus (NB)
White-fronted Ground-Tyrant Dormilona de Frente Blanca Muscisaxicola albifrons
Ochre-naped Ground-Tyrant Dormilona de Nuca Ocrácea Muscisaxicola flavinucha (NB)
Rufous-naped Ground-Tyrant Dormilona de Nuca Rojiza Muscisaxicola rufivertex
Dark-faced Ground-Tyrant Dormilona de Cara Oscura Muscisaxicola maclovianus (NB)
White-browed Ground-Tyrant Dormilona de Ceja Blanca Muscisaxicola albilora (NB)
Plain-capped Ground-Tyrant Dormilona del Páramo Muscisaxicola alpinus (H)
Cinnamon bellied Ground-Tyrant Dormilona de Vientre Canela Muscisaxicola capistratus (NB)
Black-fronted Ground-Tyrant Dormilona de Frente Negra Muscisaxicola frontalis (NB)
Black-billed Shrike-Tyrant Arriero de Pico Negro Agriornis montanus
White-tailed Shrike-Tyrant Arriero de Cola Blanca Agriornis albicauda
Gray-bellied Shrike-Tyrant Arriero de Vientre Gris Agriornis micropterus
Gray Monjita Monjita Gris Xolmis cinereus
Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant Ala-Rufa de Garganta Rayada Myiotheretes striaticollis
Smoky Bush-Tyrant Ala-Rufa Ahumado Myiotheretes fumigatus
Rufous-bellied Bush-Tyrant Ala-Rufa de Vientre Rufo Myiotheretes fuscorufus
Red-rumped Bush-Tyrant Tirano-Montés de Lomo Rojo Cnemarchus erythropygius
Rufous-webbed Bush-Tyrant Ala-Rufa Canelo Polioxolmis rufipennis
Pied Water-Tyrant Tirano-de-Agua Blanco y Negro Fluvicola pica (H)
Black-backed Water-Tyrant Tirano-de-Agua de Dorso Negro Fluvicola albiventer (NB)
Masked Water-Tyrant Tirano-de-Agua Enmascarado Fluvicola nengeta
White-headed Marsh-Tyrant Tirano-de-Ciénega de Cabeza Blanca Arundinicola leucocephala
Tumbes Tyrant Pitajo de Tumbes Tumbezia salvini (E)
Crowned Chat-Tyrant Pitajo Coronado Ochthoeca frontalis
Jelski’s Chat-Tyrant Pitajo de Jelski Ochthoeca jelskii
Golden-browed Chat-Tyrant Pitajo de Ceja Dorada Ochthoeca pulchella
Yellow-bellied Chat-Tyrant Pitajo de Vientre Amarillo Ochthoeca diadema
Slaty-backed Chat-Tyrant Pitajo de Dorso Pizarroso Ochthoeca cinnamomeiventris
Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant Pitajo de Pecho Rufo Ochthoeca rufipectoralis
Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant Pitajo de Dorso Pardo Ochthoeca fumicolor
d’Orbigny’s Chat-Tyrant Pitajo de d’Orbigny Ochthoeca oenanthoides
Piura Chat-Tyrant Pitajo de Piura Ochthoeca piurae (E)
White-browed Chat-Tyrant Pitajo de Ceja Blanca Ochthoeca leucophrys
Long-tailed Tyrant Tirano de Cola Larga Colonia colonus
Short-tailed Field Tyrant Dormilona de Cola Corta Muscigralla brevicauda
Piratic Flycatcher Mosquero Pirata Legatus leucophaius
Rusty-margined Flycatcher Mosquero de Ala Castaña Myiozetetes cayanensis (H)
Social Flycatcher Mosquero Social Myiozetetes similis
Gray-capped Flycatcher Mosquero de Gorro Gris Myiozetetes granadensis
Dusky-chested Flycatcher Mosquero de Pecho Oscuro Myiozetetes luteiventris
Great Kiskadee Bienteveo Grande Pitangus sulphuratus
Lesser Kiskadee Bienteveo Menor Pitangus lictor
Yellow-throated Flycatcher Mosquero de Garganta Amarilla Conopias parvus
Three-striped Flycatcher Mosquero Trirrayado Conopias trivirgatus
Lemon-browed Flycatcher Mosquero de Ceja Limón Conopias cinchoneti
Golden-crowned Flycatcher Mosquero de Corona Dorada Myiodynastes chrysocephalus
Baird’s Flycatcher Mosquero de Baird Myiodynastes bairdii
Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher Mosquero de Vientre Azufrado Myiodynastes luteiventris (NB)
Streaked Flycatcher Mosquero Rayado Myiodynastes maculatus
Boat-billed Flycatcher Mosquero Picudo Megarynchus pitangua
Sulphury Flycatcher Mosquero Azufrado Tyrannopsis sulphurea
Variegated Flycatcher Mosquero Variegado Empidonomus varius (NB)
Crowned Slaty Flycatcher Mosquero-Pizarroso Coronado Empidonomus aurantioatrocristatus NB
Snowy-throated Kingbird Tirano de Garganta Nívea Tyrannus niveigularis
White-throated Kingbird Tirano de Garganta Blanca Tyrannus albogularis (NB)
Tropical Kingbird Tirano Tropical Tyrannus melancholicus
Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tijereta Sabanera Tyrannus savana (NB)
Eastern Kingbird Tirano Norteño Tyrannus tyrannus (NB)
Grayish Mourner Plañidero Grisáceo Rhytipterna simplex
Sirystes Siristes Sirystes sibilator
Rufous Casiornis Casiornis Rufo Casiornis rufus (NB)
Rufous Flycatcher Copetón Rufo Myiarchus semirufus (E)
Dusky-capped Flycatcher Copetón de Cresta Oscura Myiarchus tuberculifer
Swainson’s Flycatcher Copetón de Swainson Myiarchus swainsoni
Short-crested Flycatcher Copetón de Cresta Corta Myiarchus ferox
Sooty-crowned Flycatcher Copetón de Corona Tiznada Myiarchus phaeocephalus
Pale-edged Flycatcher Copetón de Filos Pálidos Myiarchus cephalotes
Great Crested Flycatcher Copetón Viajero Myiarchus crinitus (H)
Brown-crested Flycatcher Copetón de Cresta Parda Myiarchus tyrannulus
Large-headed Flatbill Pico-Plano Cabezón Ramphotrigon megacephalum
Rufous-tailed Flatbill Pico-Plano de Cola Rufa Ramphotrigon ruficauda
Dusky-tailed Flatbill Pico-Plano de Cola Oscura Ramphotrigon fuscicauda
Cinnamon Attila Atila Acanelado Attila cinnamomeus
Ochraceous Attila Atila Ocráceo Attila torridus
Citron-bellied Attila Atila de Vientre Citrino Attila citriniventris
Dull-capped Attila Atila de Ojo Blanco Attila boliBvianus
Bright-rumped Attila Atila Polimorfo Attila spadiceus
peru aves - birdsFURNARIIDAE: Ovenbirds & Woodcreepers – Hormeros & Trepatroncos  OXYRUNCIDAE: Sharpbill – Picoagudoperu aves