Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant (Euscarthmus meloryphus)

Order: Passeriformes | Family: Tyrannidae | IUCN Status: Least Concern

tawny-crowned_pygmy-tyrant
Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. El Angolo, Piura

tawny-crowned_pygmy-tyrant
Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc.  SW Ecuador|Piura, Peru

tawny-crowned_pygmy-tyrant
Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Southern Brazil

tawny-crowned_pygmy-tyrant
Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Southern Brazil


Identification & Behavior: ~10 cm (4 in). The Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant is grayish-brown with tawny on the forehead and sides of the head. The wing coverts are fringed with tawny forming two poorly defined wing bars. Austral migrants to extreme SE Peru are more drab with grayish throat and breast and apparently longer tail. It forages in scrub and the understory of semi-open woodlands. In NW Peru, it is similar to the Southern Beardless Tyrannulet and Gray-and-White Tyrannulet but is distinguished by having a round head with no crest and by having a tawny face. Also, see Mouse-colored Tyrannulet.

Status: The Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant is common in dry habitats of northwest Peru, the Marañon Valley, and the part of the Huallaga Valley. It is known to range to elevations of up to 1500 m along the west slope of the Andes. It also occurs in Co, Ec, Br, and Bo.

Name in Spanish: Tirano-Pigmeo de Corona Leonada.

Sub-species: Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant (Euscarthmus meloryphus fulviceps), P. L. Sclater, 1871.  W & SE Ecuador (S from Manabí, including coastal islands, also S Zamora-Chinchipe) and W & N Peru (Tumbes S to Lima, also arid Marañón Valley in Cajamarca, Amazonas and La Libertad).
(Euscarthmus meloryphus meloryphus), Wied, 1831.  E Brazil (Maranhão and Ceará S to Mato Grosso and Rio Grande do Sul), E Peru (E Puno), E Bolivia (S from Pando), N & E Paraguay, NW & NE Argentina (S to Tucumán and, in E, to Córdoba and N Buenos Aires) and Uruguay.

Meaning of Name: Euscarthmus: Gr. eu= good and skarthmos= leaping, euskarthmos= high-leaping. meloryphus: Gr. melo= ruddy, koruphe= crown of the head.

See more of the Family Tyrannidae  peru aves

Distribution Map
tawny-crowned pygmy-tyrantVoice


References:

    • Species range based on: Schulenberg, T. S., D. F. Stotz, and L. Rico. 2006. Distribution maps of the birds of Peru, version 1.0. Environment, Culture & Conservation (ECCo). The Field Museum.  http://fm2.fieldmuseum.org/uw_test/birdsofperu on 03/01/2016.