Peru Aves is an Online Guide to the Birds of Peru whose purpose is to provide up-to-date basic information about Peru’s rich avifauna. Peru Aves uses:
- Photographs to aid the description of birds,
- recordings of birds vocalizations,
- Regular updates of species accounts
This site’s idea emerged from seeing the wealth of information that “appears” and quickly “disappears” on the World Wide Web, particularly on the various social networks. Our goal is to collect, curate, classify and make this available information to novice and advanced bird enthusiasts.
This site covers all species of birds known to occur in Peru as a resident, migrant or transient. This site also covers some aspects of the birds of Colombia, Ecuador, Brazil, Bolivia, and Chile, as most Peruvian birds also occur in adjacent ecosystems in these countries.
The sequence of orders, families, genera, species, and names in English follows South American Classification Committee (SACC) (Remsen, J. V., Jr., C. D. Cadena, A. Jaramillo, M. Nores, J. F. Pacheco, J. Perez-Emon, M. B. Robbins, F. G. Stiles, D. F. Stotz, and K. J. Zimmer. Version . The Spanish names follow those proposed by Manuel Plenge, Species and Subspecies of the Birds of Peru. M. A. Plenge (Version March 2019), Lima, Peru.
New Species Accounts and Updates
New records and updates incorporated on this site are approved and published by Peru’s Bird Records Committee (Comité de Registros de Aves Peruanas) and those documented with photographs or recordings.
Terminology used in Each Species Account
- Common and Latin Names: As indicated above, names in English and taxonomy throughout the site follow those proposed by the SACC.
- Conservation Status: Follows the International Union’s species status for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
- Photos: Photos cover plumage variation and morphology related to sex and age to the maximum extent possible. Photos are often added or replaced for better quality ones or photos of birds showing plumage variations. Photos of birds taken in Peru are preferred over those taken elsewhere.
- Photo Captions: Indicate the sex, age, and location to a specific locality when this information is available.
- Identification & Behavior:
Measurements: The length of a bird from bill tip to tail tip is given in centimeters (cm) and inches (in). Birds with long bills and tails show disproportionate measures relative to their body size.
This section provides a brief description of a species’ relevant field marks and behavior. It also provides links to species of similar appearance whose range overlaps with the subject species. For migratory species, the emphasis is given to wintering plumages.
- Status: Provides an idea of a species’ approximate abundance and altitudinal range. Abundance and actual altitudinal range may vary from region to region and should be regarded as an estimation. The terms used to define the status of each species are as follows:
– Common: Recorded by sight or sound daily in moderate to large numbers.
– Fairly Common: Recorded daily by sight and sound but in small numbers.
– Uncommon: Not recorded daily, even in the proper habitat. Usually recorded once a week.
– Rare: Unlikely to be recorded by sight or sound even at the proper habitat.
- Name in Spanish: Follows the names proposed by Plenge M. A., Species and Subspecies of the Birds of Peru. M. A. Plenge (Version March 2019), Lima, Peru.
- Subspecies: Follows the subspecies that occur in Peru proposed by Plenge M. A., Species and Subspecies of the Birds of Peru. M. A. Plenge (Version March 2019), Lima, Peru.
- Meaning of Name: Translates the meaning of Latin names proposed on A Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names, First Edition, by James A. Jobling.
- See More of the Family: A link that leads to a list of all members of a species’ family.
- Voice: Embeds field recordings of primary songs and calls published largely on Xeno-canto.org and the Macauley Library of Natural Sounds at the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology.
Sample of a Species Account
Symbols Used on Distribution Maps
The species distribution range is based on maps prepared by The Field Museum of Natural History during the preparation of the guide Bird of Peru. Maps were adapted for use in PeruAves.org.
|Solid White Circles: Represent sight records documented with sound recording and photographs.|
|Solid Black Circles: Represent specimen records generally stored in museum collections.|
|Green Circles: Represent recent records, which were made after completing the guide Birds of Peru. These records are documented with sound recordings or photographs and continue to be added as they are produced.|
|Solid Black Triangles: Represent historical records. A solid black triangle suggests a local extinction or a site from which there have not been subsequent records for at least 50 years.|
|Red Contour Line: Represents an elevation of 1,000 meters of elevation along the east and west sides of the Andes.|
|Shaded Gray Area: Represents the known distribution of resident species.|
|Shaded Tan Area: Represents the known distribution of Austral migrant species.|
|Shaded Yellow Area: Represents the known distribution of Boreal migrant species.|