Family Falconidae

family falconidae - orange-breasted falcon Family Falconidae - southern caracara
The family Falconidae includes falcons and caracaras. They are small to medium-sized birds of prey. They have strongly hooked bills, sharply curved talons, and excellent eyesight. The plumage usually consists of browns, whites, chestnut, black, and grey. There is little difference in the plumage of males and females, although a few species have some sexual dimorphism in boldness of plumage. All members of the Falconidae are carnivores, feeding on birds, small mammals, reptiles, insects, and carrion. In popular imagination, the falconids are fast-flying  predators, and while this is true of the genus Falco other species, particularly the caracaras, are more sedentary in their feeding. The forest falcons are generalist forest hunters. They are solitary hunters and pairs guard territories. Some species, such as the laughing falcon, specializes in snakes, while others are more generalist. There are eight genera and 18 species of falcons, forest-falcons and caracaras known to occur in Peru. Photo: (left) Bat Falcon ©Jeff Cremer, (right) Southern Caracara ©Jorge Castro.
Falcons, Caracaras Halcones, Caracaras
Laughing Falcon Halcón Reidor Herpetotheres cachinnans
Barred Forest-Falcon Halcón-Montés Barrado Micrastur ruficollis
Lined Forest-Falcon Halcón-Montés de Ojo Blanco Micrastur gilvicollis
Slaty-backed Forest-Falcon Halcón-Montés de Dorso Gris Micrastur mirandollei
Collared Forest-Falcon Halcón-Montés Acollarado Micrastur semitorquatus
Buckley’s Forest-Falcon Halcón-Montés de Buckley Micrastur buckleyi
Crested Caracara Caracara Crestado Caracara plancus
Red-throated Caracara Caracara de Vientre Blanco Ibycter americanus
Mountain Caracara Caracara Cordillerano Phalcoboenus megalopterus
Black Caracara Caracara Negro Daptrius ater
Yellow-headed Caracara Caracara Chimachima Milvago chimachima
American Kestrel Cernícalo Americano Falco sparverius
Merlin Halcón Esmerejón Falco columbarius (NB)
Bat Falcon Halcón Caza Murciélagos Falco rufigularis
Orange-breasted Falcon Halcón de Pecho Naranja Falco deiroleucus
Aplomado Falcon Halcón Aplomado Falco femoralis
Peregrine Falcon Halcón Peregrino Falco peregrinus
peru aves -    birdsPICIDAE: Woodpeckers & Piculutes – Carpinteros  PSITTACIDAE: Parrots, Macaws & Parakeets – Loros, Pericos, Guacamayosperu aves