Order: Gruiformes | Family: Rallidae | IUCN Status: Least Concern
Identification & Behavior: ~14.5 cm (5.7 in). The Ocellated Crake has olive-brown upperparts with distinctive white drop-shaped spots bordered by a black rim. The underparts and forehead are reddish brown. The legs are red. It favors open grassland and mixed grass/shrub habitats where it is difficult to see. The coloring pattern of the upperparts are unmistakable, but see Russet-crowned Crake.
Status: The Ocellated Crake is known in Peru only from the grass/shrubb tropical savannah of Pampas del Heath in extreme southeast Peru where it is rare. It also occurs in Co, Br, and Bo.
Name in Spanish: Gallineta de Ocelos.
Sub-species: Ocellated Crake, Micropygia schomburgkii chapmani, Naumburg, 1930.
Meaning of Name: Micropygia: L. mikros= small and pugios= rump. schomburgkii= after the British explorer of German origin, Sir Robert Hermann Schomburgk.
- Species range based on: Schulenberg, T. S., D. F. Stotz, and L. Rico. 2006. Distribution maps of the birds of Peru, version 1.0. Environment, Culture & Conservation (ECCo). The Field Museum. http://fm2.fieldmuseum.org/uw_test/birdsofperu on 01/01/2015.