Family Thraupidae

Family Thraupidae Family Thraupidae
The family Thraupidae includes the tanagers, hemispinguses, dacnises, honeycreepers, conebills, flower piercers, finches and seedeaters. They are small to medium-sized birds often brightly colored, but some species are dull-colored. Birds in their first year are often a duller version of the adults, but some are of a different color as young. Males are typically more brightly colored than females. Most species within this family have short, rounded wings. The shape of the bill seems to be linked to the species’ foraging habits. The family Thraupidae is restricted to the New World and mainly to the tropics. Many species are endemic to a relatively small area. They are omnivorous and their diets vary from genus to genus.  Many pick insects off branches, other species look for  insects on the undersides of leaves. Yet others wait on branches until they see a flying insect and catch it in the air. Many of these particular species inhabit the same areas, but these specializations alleviate competition. Most species build cup nests on branches in trees. Some nests are almost globular. Entrances are usually built on the side of the nest. The nests can be shallow or deep. Most member of the family live in pairs or in small family groups. Birds may also be seen in single-species or mixed flocks. Many tanagers are thought to have dull songs, though some are elaborate. There are 59 genera and 186 species within the family Thraupidae known to occur in Peru. Photo: (left) Yellow-scarffed Tanager ©Eduardo Patrial, (right) Chestnut-throated Seedeater, ©Eduardo Patrial.
Tanagers, Conebills, Sierra-Finches Tangaras
Red-capped Cardinal Cardenal de Gorro Rojo Paroaria gularis
Red-crested Cardinal Cardenal de Cresta Roja Paroaria coronata
Black-faced Tanager Tangara de Cara Negra Schistochlamys melanopis
Magpie Tanager Tangara Urraca Cissopis leverianus
Black-and-white Tanager Tangara Negra y Blanca Conothraupis speculigera
White-capped Tanager Tangara de Gorro Blanco Sericossypha albocristata
Hooded Tanager Tangara Encapuchada Nemosia pileata
Rufous-crested Tanager Tangara de Cresta Rufa Creurgops verticalis
Slaty Tanager Tangara Pizarrosa Creurgops dentatus
Black-capped Hemispingus Hemispingo de Gorro Negro Hemispingus atropileus
Orange-browed Hemispingus Hemispingo de Ceja Naranja Hemispingus calophrys
Parodi’s Hemispingus Hemispingo de Parodi Hemispingus parodii (E)
Superciliaried Hemispingus Hemispingo Superciliado Hemispingus superciliaris
Oleaginous Hemispingus Hemispingo Oleaginoso Hemispingus frontalis
Black-eared Hemispingus Hemispingo de Oreja Negra Hemispingus melanotis
Rufous-browed Hemispingus Hemispingo de Ceja Rufa Hemispingus rufosuperciliaris (E)
Black-headed Hemispingus Hemispingo de Cabeza Negra Hemispingus verticalis
Drab Hemispingus Hemispingo Simple Hemispingus xanthophthalmus
Three-striped Hemispingus Hemispingo Trirrayado Hemispingus trifasciatus
Gray-hooded Bush Tanager Tangara-Montesa de Capucha Gris Cnemoscopus rubrirostris
Rufous-chested Tanager Tangara de Pecho Rufo Thlypopsis ornata
Brown-flanked Tanager Tangara de Flanco Pardo Thlypopsis pectoralis (E)
Orange-headed Tanager Tangara de Cabeza Naranja Thlypopsis sordida
Buff-bellied Tanager Tangara de Vientre Anteado Thlypopsis inornata
Rust-and-yellow Tanager Tangara Rufa y Amarilla Thlypopsis ruficeps
Pardusco Pardusco Nephelornis oneilli (E)
Black-goggled Tanager Tangara de Anteojos Trichothraupis melanops
Gray-headed Tanager Tangara de Cabeza Gris Eucometis penicillata
Flame-crested Tanager Tangara Cresta de Fuego Islerothraupis cristatus
Yellow-crested Tanager Tangara de Cresta Amarilla Islerothraupis rufiventer
Fulvous-crested Tanager Tangara de Cresta Leonada Tachyphonus surinamus
White-shouldered Tanager Tangara de Hombro Blanco Islerothraupis luctuosus
White-lined Tanager Tangara de Líneas Blancas Tachyphonus rufus
Red-shouldered Tanager Tangara de Hombro Rojo Tachyphonus phoenicius
Fulvous Shrike-Tanager Tangara Leonada Lanio fulvus
White-winged Shrike-Tanager Tangara de Ala Blanca Lanio versicolor
Masked Crimson Tanager Tangara Carmesí Enmascarada Ramphocelus nigrogularis
Black-bellied Tanager Tangara de Vientre Negro Ramphocelus melanogaster (E)
Silver-beaked Tanager Tangara de Pico Plateado Ramphocelus carbo
Lemon-rumped Tanager Tangara de Lomo Limón Ramphocelus icteronotus
Vermilion Tanager Tangara Bermellón Calochaetes coccineus
Orange-throated Tanager Tangara de Garganta Naranja Wetmorethraupis sterrhopteron
Masked Mountain-Tanager Tangara-de-Montaña Enmascarada Tephrophilus wetmorei
Hooded Mountain-Tanager Tangara-de-Montaña Encapuchada Buthraupis montana
Black-chested Mountain-Tanager Tangara-de-Montaña de Pecho Negro Cnemathraupis eximia
Golden-backed Mountain-Tanager Tangara-de-Montaña de Dorso Dorado Cnemathraupis aureodorsalis (E)
Grass-green Tanager Tangara Verde Esmeralda Chlorornis riefferii
Lacrimose Mountain-Tanager Tangara-de-Montaña Lacrimosa Anisognathus lacrymosus
Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager Tangara-de-Montaña de Vientre Escarlata Anisognathus igniventris
Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager Tangara-de-Montaña de Ala Azul Anisognathus somptuosus
Buff-breasted Mountain-Tanager Tangara-de-Montaña de Pecho Anteado Dubusia taeniata
Chestnut-bellied Mountain-Tanager Tangara-de-Montaña de Vientre Castaño Dubusia castaneoventris
Yellow-throated Tanager Tangara de Garganta Amarilla Iridosornis analis
Golden-collared Tanager Tangara de Collar Dorado Iridosornis jelskii
Golden-crowned Tanager Tangara de Corona Dorada Iridosornis rufivertex
Yellow-scarfed Tanager Tangara de Bufanda Amarilla Iridosornis reinhardti (E)
Fawn-breasted Tanager Tangara de Pecho Anteado Pipraeidea melanonota
Blue-and-yellow Tanager Tangara Azul y Amarilla Rauenia bonariensis
Orange-eared Tanager Tangara de Oreja Naranja Chlorochrysa calliparaea
Blue-gray Tanager Tangara Azuleja Thraupis episcopus
Sayaca Tanager Tangara Sayaca Thraupis sayaca (H)
Palm Tanager Tangara de Palmeras Thraupis palmarum
Blue-capped Tanager Tangara de Gorro Azul Sporathraupis cyanocephala
Golden-naped Tanager Tangara de Nuca Dorada Chalcothraupis ruficervix
Silvery Tanager Tangara Plateado Stilpnia viridicollis
Green-throated Tanager Tangara de Garganta Verde Stilpnia argyrofenges
Sira Tanager Tangara del Sira Stilpnia phillipsi (E)
Green-capped Tanager Tangara de Gorro Verde Stilpnia meyerdeschauenseei
Burnished-buff Tanager Tangara de Anteado Bruñido Stilpnia cayana
Masked Tanager Tangara Enmascarada Stilpnia nigrocincta
Blue-necked Tanager Tangara de Cuello Azul Stilpnia cyanicollis
Dotted Tanager Tangara Manchada Tangara varia
Yellow-bellied Tanager Tangara de Vientre Amarillo Tangara xanthogastra
Spotted Tanager Tangara Moteada Tangara punctata
Blue-and-black Tanager Tangara Azul y Negra Tangara vassorii
Beryl-spangled Tanager Tangara Lentejuelada Tangara nigroviridis
Metallic-green Tanager Tangara Verde Metálico Tangara labradorides
Blue-browed Tanager Tangara de Ceja Azul Tangara cyanotis
Turquoise Tanager Tangara Turquesa Tangara mexicana
Paradise Tanager Tangara del Paraíso Tangara chilensis
Opal-rumped Tanager Tangara de Lomo Opalino Tangara velia
Opal-crowned Tanager Tangara de Corona Opalina Tangara callophrys
Bay-headed Tanager Tangara de Cabeza Baya Tangara gyrola
Golden-eared Tanager Tangara de Oreja Dorada Tangara chrysotis
Saffron-crowned Tanager Tangara de Corona Azafrán Tangara xanthocephala
Flame-faced Tanager Tangara Cara de Fuego Tangara parzudakii
Green-and-gold Tanager Tangara Verde y Dorada Tangara schrankii
Golden Tanager Tangara Dorada Tangara arthus
Silver-throated Tanager Tangara de Garganta Plateada Tangara icterocephala
Swallow Tanager Azulejo Golondrina Tersina viridis
White-bellied Dacnis Dacnis de Vientre Blanco Dacnis albiventris
Black-faced Dacnis Dacnis de Cara Negra Dacnis lineata
Yellow-bellied Dacnis Dacnis de Vientre Amarillo Dacnis flaviventer
Blue Dacnis Dacnis Azul Dacnis cayana
Short-billed Honeycreeper Mielero de Pico Corto Cyanerpes nitidus
Purple Honeycreeper Mielero Púrpura Cyanerpes caeruleus
Red-legged Honeycreeper Mielero de Pata Roja Cyanerpes cyaneus
Green Honeycreeper Mielero Verde Chlorophanes spiza
Golden-collared Honeycreeper Mielero de Collar Dorado Iridophanes pulcherrimus
Guira Tanager Tangara Guira Hemithraupis guira
Yellow-backed Tanager Tangara de Dorso Amarillo Hemithraupis flavicollis
Chestnut-vented Conebill Pico-de-Cono de Subcaudales Castañas Conirostrum speciosum
Bicolored Conebill Pico-de-Cono Bicolor Conirostrum bicolor
Pearly-breasted Conebill Pico-de-Cono de Pecho Perlado Conirostrum margaritae
Cinereous Conebill Pico-de-Cono Cinéreo Conirostrum cinereum
Blue-backed Conebill Pico-de-Cono de Dorso Azul Conirostrum sitticolor
Capped Conebill Pico-de-Cono Coronado Conirostrum albifrons
Tamarugo Conebill Pico-de-Cono de los Tamarugales Conirostrum tamarugense (NB)
White-browed Conebill Pico-de-Cono de Ceja Blanca Conirostrum ferrugineiventre
Giant Conebill Pico-de-Cono Gigante Oreomanes fraseri
Tit-like Dacnis Azulito Altoandino Xenodacnis parina
Glossy Flowerpiercer Pincha-Flor Satinado Diglossa lafresnayii
Moustached Flowerpiercer Pincha-Flor Bigotudo Diglossa mystacalis
Black Flowerpiercer Pincha-Flor Negro Diglossa humeralis
Black-throated Flowerpiercer Pincha-Flor de Garganta Negra Diglossa brunneiventris
White-sided Flowerpiercer Pincha-Flor de Flanco Blanco Diglossa albilatera
Rusty Flowerpiercer Pincha-Flor de Pecho Canela Diglossa sittoides
Deep-blue Flowerpiercer Pincha-Flor Azul Intenso Diglossa glauca
Bluish Flowerpiercer Pincha-Flor Azulado Diglossa caerulescens
Masked Flowerpiercer Pincha-Flor Enmascarado Diglossa cyanea
Plushcap Gorro Afelpado Catamblyrhynchus diadema
Black-hooded Sierra-Finch Fringilo de Capucha Negra Phrygilus atriceps
Peruvian Sierra-Finch Fringilo Peruano Phrygilus punensis
Mourning Sierra-Finch Fringilo de Pecho Negro Phrygilus fruticeti
Plumbeous Sierra-Finch Fringilo Plomizo Phrygilus unicolor
White-throated Sierra-Finch Fringilo de Garganta Blanca Idiopsar erythronotus
Ash-breasted Sierra-Finch Fringilo de Pecho Cenizo Phrygilus plebejus
Band-tailed Sierra-Finch Fringilo de Cola Bandeada Porphyrospiza alaudinus
Short-tailed Finch Fringilo de Cola Corta Idiopsar brachyurus
White-winged Diuca-Finch Diuca de Ala Blanca Idiopsar speculifera
Slaty Finch Fringilo Pizarroso Haplospiza rustica
Cinereous Finch Fringilo Cinéreo Piezorina cinerea (E)
Slender-billed Finch Fringilo Apizarrado Xenospingus concolor
Great Inca-Finch Fringilo-Inca Grande Incaspiza pulchra (E)
Rufous-backed Inca-Finch Fringilo-Inca de Dorso Rufo Incaspiza personata (E)
Gray-winged Inca-Finch Fringilo-Inca de Ala Gris Incaspiza ortizi (E)
Buff-bridled Inca-Finch Fringilo-Inca de Frenillo Anteado Incaspiza laeta (E)
Little Inca-Finch Fringilo-Inca Chico Incaspiza watkinsi (E)
Plain-tailed Warbling-Finch Monterita de Cola Simple Poospiza alticola (E)
Rufous-breasted Warbling-Finch Monterita de Pecho Rufo Poospiza rubecula (E)
Chestnut-breasted Mountain-Finch Monterita de Pecho Castaño Poospizopsis caesar (E)
Collared Warbling-Finch Monterita Acollarada Poospiza hispaniolensis
Stripe-tailed Yellow-Finch Chirigüe de Cola Listada Sicalis citrina
Puna Yellow-Finch Chirigüe de la Puna Sicalis lutea
Bright-rumped Yellow-Finch Chirigüe de Lomo Brillante Sicalis uropygialis
Greenish Yellow-Finch Chirigüe Verdoso Sicalis olivascens
Saffron Finch Chirigüe Azafranado Sicalis flaveola
Grassland Yellow-Finch Chirigüe Común Sicalis luteola
Raimondi’s Yellow-Finch Chirigüe de Raimondi Sicalis raimondii (E)
Sulphur-throated Finch Chirigüe de Garganta Azufrada Sicalis taczanowskii
Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch Sabanero Cola de Cuña Emberizoides herbicola
Blue-black Grassquit Semillerito Negro Azulado Volatinia jacarina
Slate-colored Seedeater Espiguero Pizarroso Sporophila schistacea
Plumbeous Seedeater Espiguero Plomizo Sporophila plumbea
Variable Seedeater Espiguero Variable Sporophila corvina
Caquetá Seedeater Espiguero de Caquetá Sporophila murallae
Lesson’s Seedeater Espiguero de Lesson Sporophila bouvronides (NB)
Lined Seedeater Espiguero Lineado Sporophila lineola (NB)
Black-and-white Seedeater Espiguero Negro y Blanco Sporophila luctuosa
Yellow-bellied Seedeater Espiguero de Vientre Amarillo Sporophila nigricollis
Double-collared Seedeater Espiguero Doble Acollarado Sporophila caerulescens (NB)
White-bellied Seedeater Espiguero de Vientre Blanco Sporophila leucoptera (H)
Parrot-billed Seedeater Espiguero Pico de Loro Sporophila peruviana
Drab Seedeater Espiguero Simple Sporophila simplex
Tawny-bellied Seedeater Espiguero de Vientre Leonado Sporophila hypoxantha (H)
Dark-throated Seedeater Espiguero de Garganta Oscura Sporophila ruficollis (H)
Chestnut-bellied Seedeater Espiguero de Vientre Castaño Sporophila castaneiventris
Chestnut-throated Seedeater Espiguero de Garganta Castaña Sporophila telasco
Chestnut-bellied Seed-Finch Semillero de Vientre Castaño Sporophila angolensis
Large-billed Seed-Finch Semillero de Pico Grande Sporophila crassirostris
Black-billed Seed-Finch Semillero de Pico Negro Sporophila atrirostris
Band-tailed Seedeater Semillero de Cola Bandeada Catamenia analis
Plain-colored Seedeater Semillero Simple Catamenia inornata
Páramo Seedeater Semillero Paramero Catamenia homochroa
Black-masked Finch Pinzón Enmascarado Coryphaspiza melanotis
Red-crested Finch Pinzón de Cresta Roja Coryphospingus cucullatus
Crimson-breasted Finch Pinzón de Pecho Carmesí Rhodospingus cruentus
Bananaquit Mielero Común Coereba flaveola
Dull-colored Grassquit Semillero Pardo Asemospiza obscurus
Yellow-shouldered Grosbeak Picogrueso de Hombro Amarillo Parkerthraustes humeralis
Saltator Saltators
Buff-throated Saltator Saltador de Garganta Anteada Saltator maximus
Grayish Saltator Saltador Grisáceo Saltator coerulescens
Streaked Saltator Saltador Rayado Saltator striatipectus
Black-cowled Saltator Saltador de Capucha Negra Saltator nigriceps
Golden-billed Saltator Saltador de Pico Dorado Saltator aurantiirostris
Masked Saltator Saltador Enmascarado Saltator cinctus
Slate-colored Grosbeak Picogrueso de Pico Rojo Saltator grossus


peru aves - birdsMITROSPINGIDAE: Mitrospingid Tanagers.  EMBERIZIDAE: American Sparrows & Allies – Gorriones Americanos y afinesperu aves