Rufous-crowned Scrub-Tyrant (Euscarthmus meloryphus)

Order: Passeriformes | Family: Tyrannidae | IUCN Status: Least Concern

Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Southern Brazil

Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc.  Southern Brazil

Rufous-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant
Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

Rufous-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant
Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Ceara, Brazil

Identification & Behavior: ~10.4 cm (4 in). The Rufous-crowned Scrub-Tyrant has brown upperparts with two poorly defined pale wing bars. It has tawny-brown sides of the head and semi-concealed tawny-rufous crown. The breast and belly are pale. It has a variable amount of yellow in the vent area and a relatively long tail. It forages in scrub and the understory of semi-open woodlands. In SE Peru, it is similar to the Southern Beardless Tyrannulet but is distinguished by having a round head with no prominent crest and by having a warmer brown face and tawny-rufous crown. Also, see Mouse-colored Tyrannulet. Formerly considered conspecific with Fulvous-headed Scrub-Tyrant.

Status:  The Rufous-crowned Scrub-Tyrant is an Austral migrants to extreme SE Peru. It also occurs in Co, Ec, Br, and Bo.

Name in Spanish: Tirano-Pigmeo de Corona Leonada.

Sub-species: Rufous-crowned Scrub-Tyrant (Euscarthmus meloryphus), Wied, 1831.

Meaning of Name: Euscarthmus: Gr. eu= good and skarthmos= leaping, euskarthmos= high-leaping. meloryphus: Gr. melo= ruddy, koruphe= crown of the head.

See more of the Family Tyrannidae  peru aves

Distribution Map
rufous-crowned pygmy-tyrantVoice


    • Species range based on: Schulenberg, T. S., D. F. Stotz, and L. Rico. 2006. Distribution maps of the birds of Peru, version 1.0. Environment, Culture & Conservation (ECCo). The Field Museum. on 03/01/2016.