Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)

Order: Passeriformes | Family: Hirundinidae | IUCN Status: Least Concern

Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. North America

Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Amazonas|Lima, Peru

Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Lima|Camana

Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. North America

Identification & Behavior: ~15 cm (6 in). The Barn Swallow has glossy black upperparts with a deeply forked tail, which has a white middle band. The forehead is rufous (adult) or pale (juvenile). The throat is rufous grading to cinnamon-rufous towards the rest of the underparts, but can also be buff in the juvenile. It forages over a variety of habitats generally close to the ground. It is similar to the Cliff Swallow but is distinguished by having a rump concolor with the back, a deeply forked tail with a white band, and cinnamon-rufous or buff underparts.

Status: The Barn Swallow is a Boreal migrant expected in Peru during the months of October through April when it can be found just about anywhere at all elevations. It also occurs in Co, Ec, Br, Bo, Ch.

Name in Spanish: Golondrina Tijereta.

Sub-species: Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica erythrogaster), Boddaert, 1783.

Meaning of Name: Hirundo: L. hirundo, hirundinis= swallow. rustica: L. rusticus, rustic= plain, simple.

See more of the Family Hirundinidae peru aves

Distribution Map


    • Species range based on: Schulenberg, T. S., D. F. Stotz, and L. Rico. 2006. Distribution maps of the birds of Peru, version 1.0. Environment, Culture & Conservation (ECCo). The Field Museum. on 03/01/2016.