Northern or Boreal Migrants

The lists below include the 97 species of northern or Boreal migrants that occur in Peru as either non-breeders or as  hypothetical or vagrant. Over half (53%) of migratory species in Peru belong to the Order Charadriiformes.  Within the Charadriiformes, 32 species or 32% belong to the Family Scolopacidae (sandpipers and phalaropes) and 13 species or 13.4% belong to the family Laridae (gulls and terns). Other bird families are represented in smaller proportions.

calidris_canutus


Northern or Boreal migratory species that occur in Peru as non-breeders
Blue-winged Teal Pato de Ala Azul Anas discors
Black Storm-Petrel Golondrina de Mar Negra Oceanodroma melania
Osprey Aguila Pescadora Pandion haliaetus
Broad-winged Hawk Aguilucho de Ala Ancha Buteo platypterus
Swainson’s Hawk Aguilucho de Swainson Buteo swainsoni
Sora Gallineta Sora Porzana carolina
American Golden-Plover Chorlo Dorado Americano Pluvialis dominica
Black-bellied Plover Chorlo Gris Pluvialis squatarola
Semipalmated Plover Chorlo Semipalmado Charadrius semipalmatus
Short-billed Dowitcher Agujeta de Pico Corto Limnodromus griseus s
Hudsonian Godwit Aguja de Mar Limosa haemastica
Marbled Godwit Aguja Moteada Limosa fedoa
Whimbrel Zarapito Trinador Numenius phaeopus
Upland Sandpiper Playero Batitú Bartramia longicauda
Spotted Sandpiper Playero Coleador Actitis macularius
Greater Yellowlegs Playero Pata Amarilla Mayor Tringa melanoleuca
Lesser Yellowlegs Playero Pata Amarilla Menor Tringa flavipes
Solitary Sandpiper Playero Solitario Tringa solitaria
Willet Playero de Ala Blanca Tringa semipalmata
Wandering Tattler Playero Vagabundo Tringa incana
Ruddy Turnstone Vuelvepiedras Rojizo Arenaria interpres
Surfbird Chorlo de las Rompientes Aphriza virgata
Red Knot Playero de Pecho Rufo Calidris canutus
Sanderling Playero Arenero Calidris alba
Semipalmated Sandpiper Playerito Semipalmado Calidris pusilla
Western Sandpiper Playerito Occidental Calidris mauri
Least Sandpiper Playerito Menudo Calidris minutilla
White-rumped Sandpiper Playerito de Lomo Blanco Calidris fuscicollis
Baird’s Sandpiper Playerito de Baird Calidris bairdii
Pectoral Sandpiper Playero Pectoral Calidris melanotos
Stilt Sandpiper Playero de Pata Larga Calidris himantopus
Buff-breasted Sandpiper Playero Acanelado Tryngites subruficollis
Wilson’s Phalarope Faláropo Tricolor Phalaropus tricolor
Red-necked Phalarope Faláropo de Pico Fino Phalaropus lobatus
Red Phalarope Faláropo de Pico Grueso Phalaropus fulicarius
South Polar Skua Salteador del Polo Sur Stercorarius maccormicki
Pomarine Jaeger Salteador Pomarino Stercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic Jaeger Salteador Parásito Stercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed Jaeger Salteador de Cola Larga Stercorarius longicaudus
Sabine’s Gull Gaviota de Sabine Xema sabini
Laughing Gull Gaviota Reidora Leucophaeus atricilla
Franklin’s Gull Gaviota de Franklin Leucophaeus pipixcan
Gull-billed Tern Gaviotín de Pico Negro Gelochelidon nilotica
Black Tern Gaviotín Negro Chlidonias niger
Common Tern Gaviotín Común Sterna hirundo
Arctic Tern Gaviotín Artico Sterna paradisaea
Elegant Tern Gaviotín Elegante Thalasseus elegans
Sandwich Tern Gaviotín de Pata Negra Thalasseus sandvicensis
Royal Tern Gaviotín Real Thalasseus maximus
Yellow-billed Cuckoo Cuclillo de Pico Amarillo Coccyzus americanus
Black-billed Cuckoo Cuclillo de Pico Negro Coccyzus erythropthalmus
Common Nighthawk Chotacabras Migratorio Chordeiles minor
Chimney Swift Vencejo de Chimenea Chaetura pelagica
Merlin Halcón Esmerejón Falco columbarius
Peregrine Falcon Halcón Peregrino Falco peregrinus
Alder Flycatcher Mosquerito de Alisos Empidonax alnorum
Olive-sided Flycatcher Pibí Boreal Contopus cooperi
Western Wood-Pewee Pibí Occidental Contopus sordidulus
Eastern Wood-Pewee Pibí Oriental Contopus virens
Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher Mosquero de Vientre Azufrado Myiodynastes luteiventris
Eastern Kingbird Tirano Norteño Tyrannus tyrannus
Yellow-green Vireo Víreo Verde-Amarillo Vireo flavoviridis
Purple Martin Martín Purpúreo Progne subis
Bank Swallow Golondrina Ribereña Riparia riparia
Barn Swallow Golondrina Tijereta Hirundo rustica
Cliff Swallow Golondrina Risquera Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
Gray-cheeked Thrush Zorzal de Cara Gris Catharus minimus
Swainson’s Thrush Zorzal de Swainson Catharus ustulatus
Summer Tanager Piranga Roja Piranga rubra
Scarlet Tanager Piranga Escarlata Piranga olivacea
Rose-breasted Grosbeak Picogrueso de Pecho Rosado Pheucticus ludovicianus
Northern Waterthrush Reinita-Acuática Norteña Parkesia noveboracensis
Connecticut Warbler Reinita de Connecticut Oporornis agilis
American Redstart Candelita Americana Setophaga ruticilla
Cerulean Warbler Reinita Cerúlea Setophaga cerulea
Blackburnian Warbler Reinita de Garganta Naranja Setophaga fusca
Blackpoll Warbler Reinita Estriada Setophaga striata
Canada Warbler Reinita de Canada Cardellina canadensis
Bobolink Tordo Arrocero Dolichonyx oryzivorus

Most birds in Peru are sedentary living their lives within only a few kilometers from the site they hatched. A small group of sedentary species has populations (or subspecies) that are also migratory. The resident forms can be either restricted to a small area in the country or widespread. These species experience changes in abundance and apparent range expansion largely due to the influx of wintering individuals of the migratory form.

List of species that are breeding residents in Peru and also have a migratory population or subspecies

Greenish ElaeniaFío-Fío VerdosoMyiopagis viridicata
Southern Beardless-TyrannuletMosquerito SilbadorCamptostoma obsoletum
Subtropical DoraditoDoradito SubtropicalPseudocolopteryx acutipennis
Southern Scrub-FlycatcherMoscareta Matorralera SureñaSublegatus modestus
Euler’s FlycatcherMosquerito de EulerLathrotriccus euleri
Vermilion FlycatcherMosquero BermellónPyrocephalus rubinus
Rufous-naped Ground-TyrantDormilona de Nuca RojizaMuscisaxicola rufivertex
Streaked FlycatcherMosquero RayadoMyiodynastes maculatus
Swainson’s FlycatcherCopetón de SwainsonMyiarchus swainsoni
Crested BecardCabezón CrestadoPachyramphus validus
Blue-and-white SwallowGolondrina Azul y BlancaPygochelidon cyanoleuca
Brown-chested MartinMartín de Pecho PardoProgne tapera
Grassland Yellow-FinchChirigüe ComúnSicalis luteola