Sapphire-spangled Emerald (Chionomesa lactea)

Order: Apodiformes Family: Trochilidae | IUCN Status: Least Concern

sapphire-spangled_emerald
Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Moyobamba, Peru

sapphire-spangled_emerald
Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Moyobamba, Peru

sapphire-spangled_emerald
Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Moyobamba, Peru

sapphire-spangled_emerald
Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Amazonian, Brazil


Identification & Behavior: ~9.5 cm (4 in).  The Sapphire-spangled Emerald is mostly green with iridescent violet on the throat and breast. The throat and breast feathers may have a grayish fringe to them giving a scaly effect. It has a characteristic pale center of the belly, vent area and, undertail coverts. The tail is dark blue and slightly notched.  The bill is nearly straight with a black culmen and red mandible.  The Sapphire-spangled Emerald shares the pale middle belly wedge with the Glittering-throated Emerald but is distinguished by having a violet throat and breast versus green in the latter. These species have limited geographic overlap.

Status: The Sapphire-spangled Emerald favors forest edges and second growth in Amazonia where it ranges at elevations of up to 1400 m along the foothill of the Andes. It also occurs in Ec, Br, and Bo.

Name in Spanish: Colibrí de Pecho Zafiro.

Sub-species: Sapphire-spangled Emerald (Chionomesa lactea bartletti), Gould, 1866.

Meaning of Name: Chionomesa: Gr. khiōn, khionos= snow; mesos= middle. lactea: L. lactis, lacteus=  milky, milk-white.

Formerly known as Amazilia lactea (2019).

See more of the Family Trochilidae   peru aves

Distribution Map
sapphire-spangled_emeraldVoice


References:

    • Species range based on: Schulenberg, T. S., D. F. Stotz, and L. Rico. 2006. Distribution maps of the birds of Peru, version 1.0. Environment, Culture & Conservation (ECCo). The Field Museum.  http://fm2.fieldmuseum.org/uw_test/birdsofperu on 08/01/2015.