Oilbird (Steatornis caripensis)

Order: Caprimulgiformes | Family: Steatornithidae | IUCN Status: Least Concern

oilbird
Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Ecuador

oilbird
Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Moyobamba, San Martin

oilbird
Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Moyobamba, San Martin

oilbird
Age: Adult | Sex: Unknown | Loc. Moyobamba, San Martin


Identification & Behavior: ~44.5 cm (17.5 in). The Oilbird has a nightjar-like appearance with a flattened, hooked, and powerful bill surrounded by rictal bristles. Its plumage is mainly reddish-brown with white spots. The underparts are cinnamon-buff spotted with white. Being nocturnal, the Oilbird day-roosts in caves.

Status: The Oilbird’s population abundance is difficult to assess as only a few day-roosting caves are known. It ranges along the humid eastern Andes at mid elevations (500 to 2000 m).  As frugivorous birds, Oilbirds undergo seasonal movements and appear in unexpected locations.

Name in Spanish: Guacharo.

Sub-species: Oilbird (Steatornis caripensis) Humboldt, 1817.

Meaning of Name: Steatornis:  Gr. Steanos= Fat. Ornis: Gr. A bird. caripensis: After the Caripe Caverns, Cumana, Venezuela.

See more of the Family Steatornithidae   peru aves

Distribution Map
oilbird - Steatornis caripensisVoice


References:

    • Species range based on: Schulenberg, T. S., D. F. Stotz, and L. Rico. 2006. Distribution maps of the birds of Peru, version 1.0. Environment, Culture & Conservation (ECCo), The Field Museum.  http://fm2.fieldmuseum.org/uw_test/birdsofperu on 7/09/2014.